Gukurahundi : Full US Cables Linking Mnangagwa to 1980s Atrocities

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GUKURAHUNDI-UNCLASSIFIED

GUKURAHUNDI
UNCLASSIFIED

CONFIDENTIAL UNCLASSIFIED U.S DIPLOMATIC CABLES
MNANGAGWA ROLE AND VIEWS
SUBJECT 1: MNANGAGWA SAYS RSA HAS STOPPED
BANDIT INCURSIONS
SUBJECT 2: BANDITS POINT THE WAY TO BODIES OF
FARMERS
SUBJECT 3: CALL ON MNANGAGWA
SUBJECT 4: MUNANGAGWA FINDS SECRET ZIPRA BASES
SUBJECT 5: MATABELELAND SITUATION: MEETING WITH
MNANGAGWA
SUBJECT 6: MATABELELAND SITUATION: MEETING WITH
MNANGAGWA
SUBJECT 7: MINISTER SPEAKS ON SECURITY SITUATION,
RELATIONS WITH BOTSWANA, SOUTH AFRICA
SUBJECT 8: MATABELELAND: MNANGAGWA SAYS
DISSIDENTS ARE ON THE RUN, DENYS FOOD
DISTRIBUTION BEING HINDERED
SUBJECT 9: MATABELELAND: MNANGAGWA SAYS
DISSIDENTS ARE ON THE RUN, DENYS FOOD
DISTRIBUTION BEING HINDERED
SUBJECT 10: MATABELELAND: MNANGAGWA SAYS
DISSIDENTS ARE ON THE RUN, DENYS FOOD
DISTRIBUTION BEING HINDERED
SUBJECT 11: MINISTER SPEAKS ON SECURITY
SITUATION, RELATIONS WITH BOTSWANA, SOUTH AFRICA
SUBJECT 12: WELFARE/WHEREABOUTS: ABDUCTION OF
AMCITS IN – ZIMBABWE
SUBJECT 13: SECURITY MINISTER SAYS THREE SOUTH
AFRICAN SPIES CAUGHT
MUGABE ROLE AND VIEWS
SUBJECT 1: AMCITS ABDUCTED IN ZIMBABWE: MUGABE
“ENCOURAGED” BY NKOMO’S EFFORTS
SUBJECT 2: MUGABE AND BANANA COMMENT ON
SECURITY SITUATION – AND ALLEGATIONS OF
ATROCITIES
SUBJECT 3: MUGABE ANNOUNCES CABINET CHANGES;
NKOMO OUT
SUBJECT 4: MEETING WITH MUGABE
SUBJECT 5: MEETING WITH THE PRIME MINISTER
SUBJECT 6: PRESS ACCOUNT OF MUGABE NEW DELHI
INTERVIEW
SUBJECT 7: MUGABE ON FIVE BRIGADE ACTIVITIES
SUBJECT 8: MUGABE REPLIES TO QUESTIONS IN
PARLIAMENT
SUBJECT 9: MUGABE VISITS FIVE BRIGADE, CALLS FOR
DISCIPLINE
SUBJECT 10: MUGABE VISITS MATABELELAND
SUBJECT 11: MUGABE VISITS MATABELELAND; APPEALS
FOR UNITY
SUBJECT 12: MUGABE’S NEW YEAR’S MESSAGE:
GENERALLY UPBEAT
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256847 Date: 09/24/2013
RELEASED IN FULL
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 01 HARARE 04288 271158Z
ACTION AF-00
INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00
CIAE-00 H-01 NSC-01 NSAE-00 SY-06 HA-08 L-03
PM-10 PA-02 MCT-03 OMB-01 A-02 SYE-00 USIE-00
SP-02 SNP-01 PRS-01 /052 W
321071 271216Z/52
P 271136Z JUL 84
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4714
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA PRIORITY
INFO AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
DIA WASHDC
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ-2//
UNCLAS HARARE 04288
LONDON FOR FRASURE
CINCEUR ALSO FOR POLAD
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: PREL, PTER, PINS, ZI, SF, MZ
SUBJECT: MNANGAGWA SAYS RSA HAS STOPPED BANDIT INCURSIONS
1. MINISTER OF STATE FOR SECURITY EMMERSON MNANGAGWA
TOLD REUTERS ON WEDNESDAY THAT THERE HAVE BEEN NO FRESH
BANDIT INCURSIONS INTO ZIMBABWE FROM SOUTH AFRICA SINCE
THE SIGNING OF THE NKOMATI AGREEMENT, ACCORDING TO A
FRONT-PAGE STORY IN THE HERALD JULY 27. THE GOZ BELIEVES
THAT THE SAG MIGHT HAVE LESSENED ITS SUPPORT FOR DISSIDENTS WITHIN ZIMBABWE BECAUSE OF RECENT POLITICAL EVENTS
UNCLASSIFIED
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PAGE 02 HARARE 04288 271158Z
IN THE REGION, MNANGAGWA SAID. HE ADDED, HOWEVER, THAT
IT IS TOO EARLY TO TELL WHETHER THIS IS A CHANGE OF
POLICY BY THE SAG, OR MERELY A “POLITICAL PLOY” TO
IMPROVE THEIR IMAGE WORLDWIDE.
2. THE MINISTER WAS ASKED TO COMMENT ON THE POSSIBILITY
THAT THE SAG MIGHT “REDIRECT” THE RENAMO GUERRILLAS FROM
ATTACKING MOZAMBICAN TARGETS TO CONCENTRATE THEIR EFFORTS
IN ZIMBABWE, AS REPORTED IN AN AMERICAN MAGAZINE. HE
REPLIED THAT THERE WAS NO EVIDENCE THAT RENAMO HAD ANY
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256847 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256847 Date: 09/24/2013
SUCH PLANS, ALTHOUGH THERE HAD BEEN SEVERAL INCIDENTS OF
CROSS-BORDER ACTIVITY, PRIMARILY ROBBERY, THEFT, ASSAULT,
AND CATTLE RUSTLING. HE NOTED THAT THERE HAD IN THE PAST
BEEN ATTACKS BY RENAMO ON THE BEIRA-MUTARE PIPELINE AND
OTHER ZIMBABWEAN LINES OF COMMUNICATION INSIDE MOZAMBIQUE.
ATTACKS, SUCH AS THOSE ON TRUCK CONVOYS CARRYING MAIZE OR
OTHER GOODS FROM MALAWI, DO HAVE A DIRECT BEARING ON THE
ZIMBABWEAN ECONOMY, MNANGAGWA SAID.
3. SPEAKING ABOUT THE INTERNAL SECURITY SITUATION, THE
MINISTER REPORTEDLY TOLD REUTERS THAT THERE ARE INDICATIONS
THAT “BANDITRY” IS ON THE DECREASE AND PREDICTED THAT IF
THE DISSIDENTS DO NOT RECEIVE EXTERNAL HELP THE GOZ WOULD
BE ON TOP OF THE SITUATION BY THE TIME OF THE GENERAL
ELECTION. GOZ TROOPS HAD KILLED 116 BANDITS AND CAPTURED
“A NUMBER OF OTHERS” SINCE THE CURFEW WAS IMPOSED IN
MATABELELAND SOUTH THIS YEAR. HE ESTIMATED THAT BETWEEN
100-200 BANDITS WERE OPERATING IN THE COUNTRY AT PRESENT,
ESPECIALLY IN THE COMMUNAL FARMING AREAS, BUT NO MORE
THAT 50 ARE BELIEVED TO BE STILL WITHIN THE CURFEW AREA.
RECENT INTELLIGENCE INDICATED THAT ZAPU ELEMENTS WERE
STILL RECRUITING FORMER ZIPRA PERSONNEL FOR TRAINING IN
SOUTH AFRICA, THE MINISTER SAID.
UNCLASSIFIED
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PAGE 03 HARARE 04288 271158Z
4. MNANGAGWA SAID THE CURFEW HAD LED TO AN IMPROVEMENT
IN THE GENERAL SECURITY SITUATION, AND SOME ASPECTS OF
THE CURFEW HAVE BEEN RELAXED. THE CURFEW ALSO GAVE THE
GOZ THE CHANCE TO EXPLAIN ITS POLICIES TO THE PEOPLE,
MANY OF WHOM ARE NOW WILLING TO COOPERATE. “ONCE IT IS
CLEAR THAT THE PEOPLE HAVE REJECTED BANDITRY COMPLETELY,
BANDITRY WILL DISAPPEAR, AS WILL THE CURFEW,” HE STATED.
“IT IS OUR EARNEST DESIRE TO ENSURE THAT THE PEOPLE OF
MATABELELAND AND CONTIGUOUS AREAS WHERE BANDITRY HAS
OCCURRED SHOULD BE PERMITTED TO CAST THEIR VOTES
FREELY AND WITHOUT FEAR,” MNANGAGWA SAID.
5. COMMENT: THIS IS THE FIRST TIME THE LOCAL PRESS HAS
REPORTED A GOZ MINISTER AS SAYING THAT SOUTH AFRICA
HAS BACKED OFF. END COMMENT MILLER
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256847 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256847 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256847 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256711 Date: 09/24/2013
RELEASED IN FULL
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 01 HARARE 05784 061317Z
ACTION AF-10
INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-12 SS-10 CIAE-00
DODE-00 H-01 NSC-01 NSAE-00 SY-06 HA-08 L-03
PM-08 PA-02 MCT-02 OMB-01 OCS-06 CA-01 ACDA-12
USIE-00 SP-02 SNP-01 PRS-01 /098 W
331251 061323Z /51
P 061303Z SEP 83
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 1117
INFO AMEMBASSY CANBERRA
AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
UNCLAS HARARE 05784
DEPT FOR AF/S, ALSO FOR CA/OCS/EMR
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: PINS, PGOV, ZI
SUBJECT: BANDITS POINT THE WAY TO BODIES OF FARMERS
1. THE MINISTER OF STATE FOR SECURITY, EMMERSON
MNANGAGWA, DISCLOSED ON SEPT. 4 THAT SECURITY FORCES,
ACTING ON INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM CAPTURED BANDITS,
HAVE DISCOVERED WHAT APPEAR TO BE THE REMAINS OF TWO
FARMERS KIDNAPPED IN MATABELELAND. THE BODIES ARE
“APPARENTLY IDENTICAL” TO ROBERT DYER-SMITH, 77, WHO
WAS ABDUCTED ON MARCH 16, AND DAVID BILANG, 24, WHO
WAS CAPTURED ON NEW YEAR’S EVE. IN ADDITION, THE
MINISTER SAID, THE BANDITS HAD ADMITTED COMPLICITY IN
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PAGE 02 HARARE 05784 061317Z
THE MURDER OF THE STRATFORD FAMILY, AN ELDERLY COUPLE
AND THEIR TWO GRANDDAUGHTERS WHO WERE MURDERED ON
MARCH 18.
2. MR. DYER-SMITH HAD BEEN ABDUCTED WHEN HE AND TWO
WORKERS DROVE OUT TO HIS FARM TO INVESTIGATE REPORTS
OF A DEAD COW. HE WAS TAKEN BY A GROUP OF SIX DISSIDENTS AND THE WORKERS WERE FREED AFTER BEING HANDED
A RANSOM NOTE DEMANDING THE RELEASE OF THE FORMER
ZIPRA COMMANDERS LOOKOUT MASUKU AND DUMISO DABENGWA.
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256711 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256711 Date: 09/24/2013
MR. BILANG WAS TAKEN WITH HIS GRANDFATHER, MR. BENJY
WILLIAMS, BY A GROUP OF 18 ARMED MEN. MR. WILLIAMS’
BODY WAS FOUND ABOUT SIX KILOMETERS FROM THE SCENE OF
THE ABDUCTION. THE FAMILIES OF BOTH DYER-SMITH AND
BILANG HAD OFFERED SUBSTANTIAL REWARDS FOR INFORMATION,
BUT NONE WAS FORTHCOMING. THE STRATFORD FAMILY WERE
KILLED WITH A SINGLE BULLET EACH FROM MR. STRATFORD’S
REVOLVER BY MEMBERS OF A SIX-MAN GANG.
3. THE MINISTER SAID THE CAPTURED BANDITS HAD ALSO
ADMITTED COMPLICITY IN OTHER ACTS OF BANDITRY IN
MATABELELAND, BUT HE GAVE NO FURTHER DETAILS. KEELEY
UNCLASSIFIED
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256711 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256834 Date: 09/24/2013
RELEASED IN FULL
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ACTION SS-25
INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 SSO-00 /026 W
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R 190939Z JUN 84
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 4315
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 03481
EXDIS
E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR
TAGS: PREL, ZI, US
SUBJECT: CALL ON MNANGAGWA
1. C – ENTIRE TEXT.
DECAPTIONED
2. SUMMARY. DURING A CORDIAL ONE-HOUR COURTESY CALL BY
AMBASSADOR MILLER ON MINISTER OF STATE (SECURITY)
EMMERSON MNANGAGWA ON JUNE 18, MNANGAGWA VOLUNTEERED
TO BE INFORMAL CHANNEL ON IMPORTANT FOREIGN AFFAIRS
QUESTIONS. HE ALSO CASTIGATED ZAPU OFFICIALS FOR
PUBLICLY DECRYING DISSIDENT ACTIONS, BUT PRIVATELY
CONTINUING THEIR SUPPORT TO DISSIDENTS, IMPLYING THAT
THE GOVERNMENT WOULD CONTINUE AND POSSIBLY EXTEND ITS
ANTI-ZAPU ACTIVITIES. MNANGAGWA AGREED TO AMBASSADOR’S
REQUEST THAT HOSTAGE PARENT(S) TRAVEL TO ZIMBABWE TO
MEET PERSONALLY WITH DETAINEE “ESKIMO” WHO CLAIMS TO
HAVE KNOWLEDGE OF HOSTAGES. END SUMMARY.
3. AMBASSADOR MILLER MENTIONED SOME OF THE PROBLEMS IN
ESTABLISHING A PRODUCTIVE DIALOGUE WITH THE FOREIGN
MINISTER AND THE MFA, TRACING ZIMBABWE’S PRESENT
ISOLATION IN MAJOR FLS DEVELOPMENTS TO A LACK OF
CONSTRUCTIVE DISCUSSIONS WITH THE MFA. HE SAID FEW
TOP OFFICIALS ARE WILLING TO STOP IN ZIMBABWE IF ZIMBABWE
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PAGE 02 HARARE 03481 01 OF 02 190955Z
HAS NO POSITIVE IDEAS TO PUT FORWARD OR UNWILLING TO
SERIOUSLY DISCUSS THE ISSUES. MNANGAGWA LISTENED VERY
ATTENTIVELY, AND NODDED IN UNDERSTANDING IF NOT AGREEMENT,
ADDING THAT IF THE AMBASSADOR BELIEVES HE IS NOT GETTING
THROUGH TO THE MFA, HE NEED ONLY CALL HIM DIRECTLY
“WITHOUT TELLING PROTOCOL.” HE EMPHASIZED THAT HIS
DOOR WILL ALWAYS BE OPEN TO DISCUSS MATTERS OF IMPORTANCE
WHICH CANNOT BE RESOLVED IN OTHER CHANNELS.
4. AMBASSADOR MILLER MENTIONED THE VERY NEGATIVE EFFECT
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256834 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256834 Date: 09/24/2013
THE GOVERNMENTS ANTI-DISSIDENT OPERATIONS IS HAVING IN
THE UNITED STATES, ESPECIALLY AMONG CERTAIN MEMBERS OF
CONGRESS AND THE MEDIA. DIALOGUE ON THIS ISSUE WAS
IMPORTANT TO HELP HIM EXPLAIN ZIMBABWE TO THE POLICYMAKERS IN WASHINGTON. AMBASSADOR SAID THE U.S. WANTED
TO BE HELPFUL IN FINDING A SOLUTION TO THE DIVISIONS
BETWEEN ZAPU AND ZANU AND TO THE TERRIBLE PROBLEMS OF
MATABELELAND. AND INVITED SUGGESTIONS FROM MNANGAGWA
ON HOW THE U.S. MIGHT PLAY A USEFUL, CONSTRUCTIVE ROLE.
AS AN EXAMPLE, MILLER SAID THAT THE DECISION ANNOUNCED
JUNE 17 TO BAN ZAPU WOULD NOT BE WELL-RECEIVED BY SOME
QUARTERS IN THE U.S., AND THE AMBASSADOR WOULD HAVE TO
INTERPRET THE MEANING AND INTENT OF THIS DECISION.
MNANGAGWA SAID THAT ZAPU WAS NOT BEING BANNED IN MIDLANDS
PROVINCE; ONLY PUBLIC MEETINGS BY ZAPU WERE BEING BANNED
INDEFINITELY IN MIDLANDS BECAUSE THERE IS “NO SHRED OF
DOUBT” THAT DISSIDENTS ARE BEING ASSISTED BY ZAPU LEADERSHIP, WHICH PUBLICLY CRITICIZES DISSIDENT ACTIONS BUT
PRIVATELY GIVES SUPPORT TO THEM. MNANGAGWA THEN WENT
INTO CONSIDERABLE DETAIL ON INTELLIGENCE WHICH FIRMLY
LINKED THE MOST RECENT MURDER BY DISSIDENTS OF A ZANU
OFFICIAL (THE SECOND IN THREE WEEKS) TO ACTIVE SUPPORT
THEY HAD RECEIVED FROM LOCAL ZAPU OFFICIALS. HE SAID
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THESE ZAPU NETWORKS IN THE COUNTRYSIDE HAVE EXISTED
“FOREVER” AND THEY HAD TO BE EXPOSED AND “CLEANED OUT.”
“IT IS OUR DUTY (TO PROTECT CITIZENS AND OVERALL
NATIONAL SECURITY) REGARDLESS OF WHAT OTHERS THINK.”
(COMMENT: MNANGAGWA DID NOT DISTINGUISH BETWEEN
NATIONAL AND LOCAL ZAPU LEADERS IN HIS CRITICISM, BUT
LEFT NO DOUBT THAT THE GOZ LEADERSHIP IS CONVINCED THAT
“ZAPU LEADERS” ARE AIDING AND ABETTING THE DISSIDENTS.
IN THIS CONTEXT, THE PRESENT OPERATION OF ROUNDING UP
ALL SUSPECT NDEBELE OR ZAPU INDIVIDUALS IN MASHONALAND
WEST, AND SUNDAY’S BANNING OF ZAPU PUBLIC MEETINGS IN
MIDLANDS MAY ONLY BE THE BEGINNING OF A NATIONWIDE ANTIZAPU CAMPAIGN.)
5. JUST BEFORE LEAVING AMBASSADOR MILLER MENTIONED THE
REQUEST OF THE HOSTAGE PARENT(S), SPECIFICALLY MR. ELLIS,
TO TRAVEL TO ZIMBABWE TO TALK TO “ESKIMO,” THE FORMER
ZIPRA GUERRILLA WHO IS PRESENTLY IN DETENTION AND
CLAIMS TO HAVE KNOWLEDGE OF THEIR PRESENT LOCATION.
MILLER POINTED OUT THAT WHILE THE CHANCES OF ELLIS
DEVELOPING NEW INFORMATION WERE PROBABLY SLIM, IT WAS
PERHAPS WORTH TRYING. LOCAL LAWYERS AND THE CONTROL
RISK PEOPLE HAD ENDORSED THE IDEA, BUT HE WANTED TO
BE CERTAIN THAT MNANGAGWA AND THE PRIME MINISTER WERE
NOT OPPOSED. MNANGAGWA SAID HE SAW NO PROBLEM AND THE
PRIME MINISTER WOULD HAVE NO OBJECTIONS EITHER; ZIMBABWE
HAD ALWAYS TRIED TO DO EVERYTHING POSSIBLE TO RESOLVE
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256834 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256834 Date: 09/24/2013
THE CASE, AND WOULD NOT STAND IN THE WAY OF A PERSONAL
MEETING AS PROPOSED BY THE AMBASSADOR. MILLER THANKED
MNANGAGWA FOR ZIMBABWE’S TOTAL SUPPORT ON THE HOSTAGE
ISSUE, ADDING THAT THIS SUPPORT WAS UNDERSTOOD AND
APPRECIATED BY ALL IN WASHINGTON AS WELL AS THE PARENTS.
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ACTION SS-25
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373711 191800Z/44
R 190939Z JUN 84
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 4316
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 03481
EXDIS
E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR
TAGS: PREL, ZI, US
SUBJECT: CALL ON MNANGAGWA
MILLER
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256834 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256834 Date: 09/24/2013
CONFIDENTIAL
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256834 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256453 Date: 09/24/2013
RELEASED IN PART B6
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 01 SALISB 01638 021057Z
ACTION AF-10
INFO OCT-00 ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-12 CIAE-00 DODE-00 10-15
NSAE-00 PA-02 ICAE-00 SP-02 SPRS-02 /053 W
232506 021100Z/21
P 020935Z APR 82
FM AMEMBASSY SALISBURY
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5419
INFO AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
UNCLAS SALISBURY 1638
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
E012065NA
TAGS: PORS, MILT, PINT, ZI
SUBJ: MUNANGAGWA FINDS SECRET ZIPRA BASES
REF: A. SALISBURY 1485, B. SALISBURY 1523, C. SALISBURY 1472
1. ZIMBABWE MINISTER OF STATE EMMERSON MUNANGAGWA CALLED A
PRESS CONFERENCE IN BULAWAYO MARCH 31 TO ANNOUNCE THAT THE GOZ
HAS SEIZED MILITARY CAMPS IN MATABELELAND WHERE PEOPLE WERE
BEING TRAINED TO OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT AND ARRESTED THOSE
INVOLVED. HE CLAIMED EVIDENCE CONNECTED THE SECRET CAMPS TO
JOSHUA NKOMO’S ZAPU AND THAT SOME LEADERS OF ZAPU KNEW ABOUT
THEM. SOME OF THOSE ARRESTED, MUNANGAGWA SAID, ARE FORMER ZIPRA
COMBATANTS. (MUNANGAGWA WAS VERY VAGUE ABOUT THE NUMBERS
INVOLVED AND THE POTENTIAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SECRET
TRAINING). MUNANGAGWA ACCUSED “DISSIDENTS” OF CAUSING
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PAGE 02 SALISB 01638 021057Z
SECURITY PROBLEMS IN MATABELELAND, SUCH AS THE DEATH
OF TWO CIVILIANS (REF A) AND LAST WEEKEND’S MURDER OF
A POLICEMAN IN THE RURAL MATOPOS AREA.
2. IN OTHER SECURITY-RELATED MATTERS,SPECULATION
ABOUT JOSHUA NKOMO’S WHEREABOUTS IS NOW WIDESPREAD. HE
HAS NOT BEEN SEEN IN PUBLIC FOR WEEKS
AND RUMORS ABOUND THAT HE WAS LEFT THE COUNTRY. ZAPU
SOURCES (EG ) CONTEND THAT HE IS SIMPLY
RESTING IN BULAWAYO. THE SUBVISION TRIAL OF
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256453 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256453 Date: 09/24/2013
AND THREE OTHERS ENTERED ITS
FOURTH WEEK. THE DEFENSE HAS TRIED TO PROVE THE PLANS
FOR A MATABELE SECESSION WERE JUST WILD TALK, WITH
NO TIMETABLE FOR IMPLEMENTATION. KEELEY
UNCLASSIFIED
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256453 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
CONFIDENTIAL RELEASED IN FULL
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O 081426Z MAR 84
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 3246
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 01398
EXDIS
FOR AF AND AID DECAPTIONED
E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR
TAGS: PINS, SHUM, PREL, EAGR, EAID, ZI
SUBJECT: MATABELELAND SITUATION: MEETING WITH MNANGAGWA
REF: HARARE 1356 AND PREVIOUS
1. C – ENTIRE TEXT.
2. SUMMARY: MY MEETING WITH MINISTER MNANGAGWA WENT
WELL COMING ON THE HEELS OF MINISTER MUBAKO’S POSITIVE
MARCH 7 PRESS STATEMENT (HARARE 1375). WE WILL MONITOR
THE GOZ’S FOLLOW-THROUGH, AND ENCOURAGE THE GOZ TO INVITE
THE PRESS TO OBSERVE ITS FOOD RELIEF EFFORTS. END SUMMARY.
3. I MET PRIVATELY WITH MINISTER OF STATE FOR SECURITY
MNANGAGWA THIS MORNING. HAPPILY, I WAS ABLE TO OPEN THE
CONVERSATION BY NOTING THAT MINISTER MUBAKO’S STATEMENT
(HARARE 1375) IN THE HERALD AND ON THE RADIO STRUCK ME AS
A POSITIVE STEP. I WENT ON THAT I HAD ASKED TO SEE HIM
PRIVATELY TO DISCUSS THE ALLEGATIONS WHICH MUBAKO HAD
ADDRESSED. THESE ALLEGATIONS WERE UNDERSTANDABLY DISTURBING TO ALL DONOR COUNTRIES AND, IF NOT PROMPTLY LAID TO
REST, COULD PLACE IN JEOPARDY THE WILLINGNESS OF MANY TO
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RESPOND POSITIVELY TO ZIMBABWE’S VERY LEGITIMATE EMERGENCY
FOOD AID REQUESTS. NO ONE, I EMPHASIZED, QUESTIONED THE
GOZ’S OBLIGATION TO DEAL WITH THE SERIOUS DISSIDENT SITUATION IT FACED, BUT WE ARE CONCERNED ABOUT TACTICS.
ABOVE ALL, THERE WAS NO REASON WHY THIS SORT OF ISSUE
SHOULD LEAD TO ANY FORM OF U.S.-GOZ CONFRONTATION.
4. MNANGAGWA SAID HE WAS PLEASED I HAD COME TO SEE HIM
PERSONALLY, AVOIDING “PROTOCOL.” HE THEN RECOUNTED HOW
HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR MUBAKO’S STATEMENT–BUT NEVER
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
ACKNOWLEDGED THAT THE ALLEGATIONS MIGHT BE TRUE. HE SAID
SENATOR NORMAN HAD RAISED THE MATTER WITH HIM AT
CABINET ON TUESDAY, AND THAT HE HAD IMMEDIATELY
SUMMONED THE “MILITARY CHIEFS” TO DEMAND AN EXPLANATION.
HE THEN MET WITH OTHER MINISTERS, AND IT WAS EVENTUALLY
DECIDED THAT MUBAKO SHOULD “REPEAT” GOVERNMENT POLICY.
5. I THANKED HIM FOR HIS EFFORTS, AND EXPRESSED THE
HOPE THAT FOOD WOULD QUICKLY FLOW INTO THE ALLEGEDLY
AFFECTED AREAS. I SUGGESTED THAT SINCE THE ALLEGATIONS
OF FOOD DEPRIVATION WERE ALREADY APPEARING IN THE
WORLD PRESS, I THOUGHT THE GOZ WOULD BE WISE TO INVITE
THE PRESS TO ACCOMPANY THE TRUCKS DISTRIBUTING FOOD.
HE GOT THE POINT, BUT MADE NO COMMITMENT.
6. AFTER SEVERAL INTERRUPTIONS FOR PHONE CALLS AND
AN ANECDOTE ABOUT JOSHUA NKOMO’S ARMORED MERCEDES,
I MENTIONED MY CONCERN ABOUT RECENT RUMORS OF CORRUPTION IN THE DROUGHT RELIEF EFFORT. NOTING HOW
DIFFICULT IT HAD BEEN TO OBTAIN EMERGENCY FOOD AID FROM
OUR CONGRESS FOR ZAIRE SOME YEARS AGO BECAUSE OF WIDESPREAD REPORTS OF CORRUPTION THERE, I OBSERVED THAT I
WAS SURE ZIMBABWE WOULD WANT TO AVOID THAT SORT OF
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PAGE 03 HARARE 01398 01 OF 02 081435Z
PROBLEM. MNANGAGWA RESPONDED “YOU ARE RIGHT, AND
WE’VE ALREADY ARRESTED TEN PEOPLE AND ARE INVESTIGATING
OTHERS.” I SUGGESTED THESE ARRESTS SHOULD BE PUBLICIZED AS A DETERRENT TO OTHERS AND AS A REASSURANCE TO
DONOR COUNTRIES. MNANGAGWA SEEMED TO GRASP THE POINT.
7. THE MEETING ENDED WITH THE MINISTER AGAIN THANKING
ME FOR COMING TO SEE HIM, AND THAT I SHOULDN’T
HESITATE TO CALL HIM WHEN THERE WERE SENSITIVE MATTERS
TO DISCUSS.
8. COMMENT. THANKS TO NORMAN’S EFFORTS, WE’VE MADE
SOME PROGRESS THIS WEEK. WELL BE WATCHING FOR GOZ
FOLLOW THROUGH. REGARDLESS OF WHAT THE GOZ DOES TO
TURN THINGS AROUND, WE SHOULD EXPECT TO SEE SOME
PRETTY ROUGH STUFF IN THE PRESS.
9. SEPARATELY, AID DIRECTOR MET ON MARCH 9 WITH NEW
SECRETARY OF FINANCE AND ECONOMIC PLANNING MUSHYAKARARA.
PURPOSE OF THE MEETING WAS A GENERAL REVIEW OF PROGRAM.
AT ONE POINT, ONE OF THE SIX GOZ STAFF ASKED ABOUT
PROSPECTS FOR ADDITIONAL PL 480 MAIZE. THEY WERE
AWARE OF THE SUPPLEMENTAL NOW BEFORE CONGRESS AND
WONDERED IF ZIMBABWE COULD MAKE ADDITIONAL REQUEST.
STACY USED OPPORTUNITY TO EXPRESS OUR CONCERNS ABOUT
REPORTS OF FOOD SHORTAGES IN MATABELELAND AND USE OF
THE CURFEW TO RESTRICT SHIPMENTS INTO THE AREA. THE
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
SECRETARY WAS TOLD THAT IF THESE ALLEGATIONS WERE TRUE
OR IF THE GOZ WAS NOT INVESTIGATING OR PROSECUTING THOSE
ACCUSED OF FOOD DIVERSION OR CORRUPTION WITHIN THE
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ACTION SS-25
INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 SSO-00 /026 W
214072 081444Z/42
O 081426Z MAR 84
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 3247
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 01398
EXDIS
FOR AF AND AID
E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR
TAGS: PINS, SHUM, PREL, EAGR, EAID, ZI
SUBJECT: MATABELELAND SITUATION: MEETING WITH MNANGAGWA
GOVERNMENT RELIEF PROGRAM, WE WOULD NOT BE ABLE TO
PROVIDE ANOTHER KERNEL OF MAIZE. THE SECRETARY SAID
HE APPRECIATED THE SERIOUS NATURE OF THESE ALLEGATIONS
AND HOW THESE COULD PRESENT DIFFICULTIES FOR ANY FOOD
AID DONOR. WITHOUT AGREEING TO THEIR VALIDITY, HE
SAID HE HAD THE MESSAGE AND WOULD BRIEF HIS MINISTER.
HE CONCLUDED BY ASKING HIS STAFF TO PREPARE A COMPREHENSIVE UPDATE OF THE MAIZE SITUATION WITH THE VIEW
OF AN ADDITIONAL REQUEST TO THE U.S. THIS SEEMS TO
SUGGEST HIS CONFIDENCE THAT THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION AND
CURFEW QUESTIONS WOULD BE RESOLVED.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
10. THE BRITISH HIGH COMMISSION HAS ALSO DONE MORE
BEHIND THE SCENES THIS WEEK THAN WE HAD EARLIER ANTICIPATED, TALKING WITH THE DIRECTOR OF INFORMATION AND
OTHERS. HIGH COMMISSIONER EWANS SAW MUBAKO ON ANOTHER
MATTER LATE THIS MORNING, AND AT OUR SUGGESTION RAISED
THE MATABELELAND SITUATION USING MUBAKO’S STATEMENT AS
A PEG. MUBAKO CONCEDED THAT THINGS HAD GOTTEN OUT OF
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PAGE 02 HARARE 01398 02 OF 02 081437Z
HAND, AND THAT THE GOZ WAS NOW RECTIFYING THE SITUATION.
LANPHER
CONFIDENTIAL
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
NNN
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
CONFIDENTIAL RELEASED IN FULL
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214000 081436Z /41
O 081426Z MAR 84
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 3246
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 01398
EXDIS
FOR AF AND AID DECAPTIONED
E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR
TAGS: PINS, SHUM, PREL, EAGR, EAID, ZI
SUBJECT: MATABELELAND SITUATION: MEETING WITH MNANGAGWA
REF: HARARE 1356 AND PREVIOUS
1. C – ENTIRE TEXT.
2. SUMMARY: MY MEETING WITH MINISTER MNANGAGWA WENT
WELL COMING ON THE HEELS OF MINISTER MUBAKO’S POSITIVE
MARCH 7 PRESS STATEMENT (HARARE 1375). WE WILL MONITOR
THE GOZ’S FOLLOW-THROUGH, AND ENCOURAGE THE GOZ TO INVITE
THE PRESS TO OBSERVE ITS FOOD RELIEF EFFORTS. END SUMMARY.
3. I MET PRIVATELY WITH MINISTER OF STATE FOR SECURITY
MNANGAGWA THIS MORNING. HAPPILY, I WAS ABLE TO OPEN THE
CONVERSATION BY NOTING THAT MINISTER MUBAKO’S STATEMENT
(HARARE 1375) IN THE HERALD AND ON THE RADIO STRUCK ME AS
A POSITIVE STEP. I WENT ON THAT I HAD ASKED TO SEE HIM
PRIVATELY TO DISCUSS THE ALLEGATIONS WHICH MUBAKO HAD
ADDRESSED. THESE ALLEGATIONS WERE UNDERSTANDABLY DISTURBING TO ALL DONOR COUNTRIES AND, IF NOT PROMPTLY LAID TO
REST, COULD PLACE IN JEOPARDY THE WILLINGNESS OF MANY TO
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PAGE 02 HARARE 01398 01 OF 02 081435Z
RESPOND POSITIVELY TO ZIMBABWE’S VERY LEGITIMATE EMERGENCY
FOOD AID REQUESTS. NO ONE, I EMPHASIZED, QUESTIONED THE
GOZ’S OBLIGATION TO DEAL WITH THE SERIOUS DISSIDENT SITUATION IT FACED, BUT WE ARE CONCERNED ABOUT TACTICS.
ABOVE ALL, THERE WAS NO REASON WHY THIS SORT OF ISSUE
SHOULD LEAD TO ANY FORM OF U.S.-GOZ CONFRONTATION.
4. MNANGAGWA SAID HE WAS PLEASED I HAD COME TO SEE HIM
PERSONALLY, AVOIDING “PROTOCOL.” HE THEN RECOUNTED HOW
HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR MUBAKO’S STATEMENT–BUT NEVER
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
ACKNOWLEDGED THAT THE ALLEGATIONS MIGHT BE TRUE. HE SAID
SENATOR NORMAN HAD RAISED THE MATTER WITH HIM AT
CABINET ON TUESDAY, AND THAT HE HAD IMMEDIATELY
SUMMONED THE “MILITARY CHIEFS” TO DEMAND AN EXPLANATION.
HE THEN MET WITH OTHER MINISTERS, AND IT WAS EVENTUALLY
DECIDED THAT MUBAKO SHOULD “REPEAT” GOVERNMENT POLICY.
5. I THANKED HIM FOR HIS EFFORTS, AND EXPRESSED THE
HOPE THAT FOOD WOULD QUICKLY FLOW INTO THE ALLEGEDLY
AFFECTED AREAS. I SUGGESTED THAT SINCE THE ALLEGATIONS
OF FOOD DEPRIVATION WERE ALREADY APPEARING IN THE
WORLD PRESS, I THOUGHT THE GOZ WOULD BE WISE TO INVITE
THE PRESS TO ACCOMPANY THE TRUCKS DISTRIBUTING FOOD.
HE GOT THE POINT, BUT MADE NO COMMITMENT.
6. AFTER SEVERAL INTERRUPTIONS FOR PHONE CALLS AND
AN ANECDOTE ABOUT JOSHUA NKOMO’S ARMORED MERCEDES,
I MENTIONED MY CONCERN ABOUT RECENT RUMORS OF CORRUPTION IN THE DROUGHT RELIEF EFFORT. NOTING HOW
DIFFICULT IT HAD BEEN TO OBTAIN EMERGENCY FOOD AID FROM
OUR CONGRESS FOR ZAIRE SOME YEARS AGO BECAUSE OF WIDESPREAD REPORTS OF CORRUPTION THERE, I OBSERVED THAT I
WAS SURE ZIMBABWE WOULD WANT TO AVOID THAT SORT OF
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PAGE 03 HARARE 01398 01 OF 02 081435Z
PROBLEM. MNANGAGWA RESPONDED “YOU ARE RIGHT, AND
WE’VE ALREADY ARRESTED TEN PEOPLE AND ARE INVESTIGATING
OTHERS.” I SUGGESTED THESE ARRESTS SHOULD BE PUBLICIZED AS A DETERRENT TO OTHERS AND AS A REASSURANCE TO
DONOR COUNTRIES. MNANGAGWA SEEMED TO GRASP THE POINT.
7. THE MEETING ENDED WITH THE MINISTER AGAIN THANKING
ME FOR COMING TO SEE HIM, AND THAT I SHOULDN’T
HESITATE TO CALL HIM WHEN THERE WERE SENSITIVE MATTERS
TO DISCUSS.
8. COMMENT. THANKS TO NORMAN’S EFFORTS, WE’VE MADE
SOME PROGRESS THIS WEEK. WELL BE WATCHING FOR GOZ
FOLLOW THROUGH. REGARDLESS OF WHAT THE GOZ DOES TO
TURN THINGS AROUND, WE SHOULD EXPECT TO SEE SOME
PRETTY ROUGH STUFF IN THE PRESS.
9. SEPARATELY, AID DIRECTOR MET ON MARCH 9 WITH NEW
SECRETARY OF FINANCE AND ECONOMIC PLANNING MUSHYAKARARA.
PURPOSE OF THE MEETING WAS A GENERAL REVIEW OF PROGRAM.
AT ONE POINT, ONE OF THE SIX GOZ STAFF ASKED ABOUT
PROSPECTS FOR ADDITIONAL PL 480 MAIZE. THEY WERE
AWARE OF THE SUPPLEMENTAL NOW BEFORE CONGRESS AND
WONDERED IF ZIMBABWE COULD MAKE ADDITIONAL REQUEST.
STACY USED OPPORTUNITY TO EXPRESS OUR CONCERNS ABOUT
REPORTS OF FOOD SHORTAGES IN MATABELELAND AND USE OF
THE CURFEW TO RESTRICT SHIPMENTS INTO THE AREA. THE
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
SECRETARY WAS TOLD THAT IF THESE ALLEGATIONS WERE TRUE
OR IF THE GOZ WAS NOT INVESTIGATING OR PROSECUTING THOSE
ACCUSED OF FOOD DIVERSION OR CORRUPTION WITHIN THE
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NNN
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PAGE 01 HARARE 01398 02 OF 02 081437Z
ACTION SS-25
INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 SSO-00 /026 W
214072 081444Z/42
O 081426Z MAR 84
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 3247
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 01398
EXDIS
FOR AF AND AID
E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR
TAGS: PINS, SHUM, PREL, EAGR, EAID, ZI
SUBJECT: MATABELELAND SITUATION: MEETING WITH MNANGAGWA
GOVERNMENT RELIEF PROGRAM, WE WOULD NOT BE ABLE TO
PROVIDE ANOTHER KERNEL OF MAIZE. THE SECRETARY SAID
HE APPRECIATED THE SERIOUS NATURE OF THESE ALLEGATIONS
AND HOW THESE COULD PRESENT DIFFICULTIES FOR ANY FOOD
AID DONOR. WITHOUT AGREEING TO THEIR VALIDITY, HE
SAID HE HAD THE MESSAGE AND WOULD BRIEF HIS MINISTER.
HE CONCLUDED BY ASKING HIS STAFF TO PREPARE A COMPREHENSIVE UPDATE OF THE MAIZE SITUATION WITH THE VIEW
OF AN ADDITIONAL REQUEST TO THE U.S. THIS SEEMS TO
SUGGEST HIS CONFIDENCE THAT THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION AND
CURFEW QUESTIONS WOULD BE RESOLVED.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
10. THE BRITISH HIGH COMMISSION HAS ALSO DONE MORE
BEHIND THE SCENES THIS WEEK THAN WE HAD EARLIER ANTICIPATED, TALKING WITH THE DIRECTOR OF INFORMATION AND
OTHERS. HIGH COMMISSIONER EWANS SAW MUBAKO ON ANOTHER
MATTER LATE THIS MORNING, AND AT OUR SUGGESTION RAISED
THE MATABELELAND SITUATION USING MUBAKO’S STATEMENT AS
A PEG. MUBAKO CONCEDED THAT THINGS HAD GOTTEN OUT OF
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PAGE 02 HARARE 01398 02 OF 02 081437Z
HAND, AND THAT THE GOZ WAS NOW RECTIFYING THE SITUATION.
LANPHER
CONFIDENTIAL
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
NNN
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256781 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
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PAGE 01 HARARE 04184 01 OF 02 220802Z
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RELEASED IN FULL
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CIAE-00 EA-10 DODE-00 H-01 10-15 NSC-01 NSAE-00
SY-06 HA-08 L-03 PM-08 PA-01 MCT-02 OMB-01
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043644 220937Z /21
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FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 199
INFO AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
AMEMBASSY CANBERRA
USMISSION GENEVA
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 4184
DEPT FOR AF/S, RP, AND CA/OCS/EMR
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
E.O. 12356: DECL: 6/21/89
TAGS: PREL, SFEF, ZI, BC
SUBJECT: MINISTER SPEAKS ON SECURITY SITUATION, RELATIONS
WITH BOTSWANA, SOUTH AFRICA
REF: GABORONE 2318 (NOTAL)
1. (U) SUMMARY: THE MINISTER OF STATE FOR SECURITY,
EMMERSON MNANGAGWA, DISCUSSED VARIOUS ASPECTS OF THE
SECURITY SITUATION IN THE COUNTRY DURING A VISIT TO
BULAWAYO THIS PAST WEEKEND. HE SAID THAT BOTSWANA HAS
BEGUN TO COOPERATE WITH GOZ AUTHORITIES IN RETURNING
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PAGE 02 HARARE 04184 01 OF 02 220802Z
“REFUGEES” TO ZIMBABWE. THE POPULATION IN MATABELELAND
HAD BEGUN TO COOPERATE WITH THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT IN
CONTROLLING DISSIDENTS. HE DENIED THE SOUTH AFRICAN
ASSERTION THAT ANC GUERRILLAS HAD CROSSED INTO THE
REPUBLIC FROM ZIMBABWE. ON THE KIDNAPPING OF SIX
FOREIGN TOURISTS OVER TEN MONTHS AGO, MNANGAGWA SAID
FIVE DISSIDENTS WERE BEING QUESTIONED, AND DETAILS WOULD
BE RELEASED WHEN INVESTIGATIONS WERE COMPLETED. THE GOZ
HAD TAKEN PRECAUTIONS FOR THE SECURITY OF MATABELELAND
FARMERS. END SUMMARY.
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
2. (U) UNDER THE HEADLINE “BOTSWANA HANDS DISSIDENTS
BACK TO ZIMBABWE,” THE HERALD JUNE 21 REPORTS ON REMARKS
BY MINISTER MNANGAGWA IN BULAWAYO OVER THE WEEKEND. HE
SAID ZIMBABWE IS RECEIVING “MASIMUM COOPERATION” FROM
BOTSWANA, AFTER THE SIGNING OF A PROTOCOL TO EASE THE
REPATRIATION OF DISSIDENTS, AND A NUMBER OF BANDITS HAD
ALREADY BEEN HANDED OVER BY GOB AUTHORITIES. “THE
BOTSWANA CONNECTION WILL SOON DRY UP,” HE SAID. IT WAS
POSSIBLE FOR SOME DISSIDENTS TO REMAIN IN THE COUNTRY
WITHOUT GOB KNOWLEDGE, SINCE THE TERRITORY IS SO LARGE,
BUT A RAPID SYSTEM OF COMMUNICATION HAD BEEN SET UP
WHICH ENABLED AUTHORITIES TO IDENTIFY WHERE BANDITS HAD
CROSSED THE BORDER INTO BOTSWANA, AND TO REACT QUICKLY;
THE SYSTEM IS NOW WORKING WELL, HE ADDED. (COMMENT: NO
FURTHER INFORMATION WAS GIVEN ON THE NATURE OR FUNCTIONING OF THIS SYSTEM. END COMMENT.)
3. (U) SPEAKING ABOUT THE DISSIDENT SITUATION IN MATABELELAND, MNANGAGWA SAID THERE WERE ONLY ISOLATED POCKETS IN
THE PROVINCE WHERE LOCAL RESIDENTS GAVE SUPPORT TO
DISSIDENTS. HE ASCRIBED THIS IN PART TO THE RECENT VISIT
TO THE AREA BY THE PRIME MINISTER AND SEVERAL OTHER
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PAGE 03 HARARE 04184 01 OF 02 220802Z
CABINET MEMBERS, WHICH HAD “DRIED UP” THE SUPPORT. SINCE
THE ARMY COULD NOT BE EVERYWHERE AT ONCE, THE BANDITS
WOULD CONTINUE TO STRIKE IN UNCOVERED AREAS, BUT THE
PUBLIC WAS NOW ASSISTING THE GOZ IN ITS ANTI-DISSIDENT
ACTIVITIES, PROVIDING INFORMATION ABOUT THEIR MOVEMENTS.
HE DID NOT THINK MORE DRASTIC MEASURES WERE NEEDED. THE
GOZ HAD MADE ADEQUATE PROVISIONS FOR THE SECURITY OF
FARMERS IN THE PROVINCE, BUT HE ADMITTED THAT DISSIDENTS
“WILL OCCASIONALLY SUCCEED” IN HITTING SOME TARGETS.
THEY WER SELECTING WHITE FARMERS AS TARGETS BECAUSE OF
THE PUBLICITY WHICH RESULTED. THE FARMERS’ UNION MET
REGULARLY WITH GOZ OFFICIALS TO DISCUSS SECURITY.
4. (U) HE NOTED THAT THERE ARE STILL LARGE NUMBERS OF
“POTENTIAL BANDITS” IN SOUTH AFRICA, AND SAID SMALL
GROUPS CONTINUE TO ENTER ZIMBABWE FROM THAT DIRECTION.
SECURITY FORCES WOULD REMAIN IN THE AFFECTED AREAS UNTIL
“THE THREAT FROM THE SOUTH IS REMOVED.” HE REFUTED THE
STATEMENT BY THE SAG THAT ANC FIGHTERS HAD CROSSED INTO
THE REPUBLIC FROM ZIMBABWE. HE SAID TWO ANC MEMBERS HAD
FLED INTO ZIMBABWE WHILE BEING CHASED BY SADF TROOPS,
BUT THEY HAD ENTERED SOUTH AFRICA “FROM A COUNTRY OTHER
THAN ZIMBABWE.”
5. (U) ON THE FATE OF THE SIX FOREIGN TOURISTS KIDNAPPED
LAST JULY, MNANGAGWA CONFIRMED THAT FIVE DISSIDENTS,
RECENTLY ARRESTED BY THE SECURITY FORCES, WERE CONNECTED
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
WITH THE ABDUCTION. “WE NOW KNOW THAT THEY ARE CONNECTED
WITH THE KIDNAPPING OF THE TOURISTS,” THE MINISTER SAID,
“BUT THE FACTS OF THEIR LIFE OR DEATH WILL NOT BE
ANNOUNCED UNTIL ALL ISSUES PERTAINING TO THE MATTER HAVE
BEEN RESOLVED.”
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FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 200
INFO AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
AMEMBASSY CANBERRA
USMISSION GENEVA
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
CON F I D EN T IALSECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 4184
DEPT FOR AF/S, RP, AND CA/OCS/EMR
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
6. (U) THE SOLE EDITORIAL IN MONDAYS HERALD, ENTITLED
“PEACE ONCE MORE,” SAYS “SECURITY FORCES HAVE CLEARLY
RESTORED GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY IN THE AFFECTED PROVINCES.”
THE PIECE REFERS TO “PUBLICITY-SEEKING ZIPRA BANDITS,”
AND SAYS THEY ONLY EXIST IN HEADLINES NOW. THE BANDITS
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
ARE NOW ONLY “AN INSIGNIFICANT ELEMENT IN OUR SOCIETY,”
SAYS THE EDITORIAL, WHICH WAS THE AIM OF THE SECURITY
FORCES’ OPERATIONS IN THE PROVINCE EARLY THIS YEAR.
NONETHELESS, THE EDITORIAL CONCLUDES: “OUR DETRACTORS
ACROSS THE LIMPOPO ARE SPENDING SLEEPLESS NIGHTS SCHEMING
MASSIVE INFILTRATION OF TRAINED REBELS INTO THE COUNTRY.
ITS THIS ELEMENT THAT WE ALSO HAVE TO DECISIVELY DEFEAT
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PAGE 02 HARARE 04184 02 OF 02 220810Z
— AND APARTHEID — BEFORE WE CAN SETTLE DOWN TO ENJOY
THE FRUITS OF OUR HARD-WON INDEPENDENCE.”
7. (C) COMMENT: THE REFOULEMENT OF ZIMBABWWAN REFUGEES
BY BOTSWANA (REFTEL) HAS RECEIVED RELATIVELY LITTLE PRESS
PLAY IN HARARE, SLIGHTLY MORE IN BULAWAYO. WE WOULD
DOUBT THAT THE GOB HAS CHANGED ITS SIGNALS, RATHER IT IS
PROBABLY APPLYING MORE CAREFULLY ITS OWN RULES DEFINING
WHAT CONSTITUTES A REFUGEE. AS FOR THE SECURITY SITUATION
IN MATABELELAND, THE GOZ IS STILL A LONG WAY FROM
WINNING ANY HEARTS OR MINDS AMONG THE NDEBELE. THE
PRESSURES FROM THE MILITARY AND THE DROUGHT MIGHT HAVE
BROUGHT INCREASED COOPERATION WITH THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT, BUT THEY COULD ALSO BE BUILDING A LARGE RESERVOIR
OF RESENTMENT. WHITE FARMERS ARE WELL AWARE THAT THEY
ARE PREFERRED TARGETS, AND THEY FAULT THE AUTHORITIES FOR
NOT PROVIDING MORE EFFECTIVE PROTECTION, MORE RAPID
RESPONSE TO ATTACKS AND MORE COMPLETE FOLLOW-THROUGHT TO
DISSIDENT SIGHTINGS. WE HAVE NO REASON TO DOUBT THE
SAG ASSERTION THAT THE ANC GUERRILLAS CAME ACROSS THE
BORDER FROM ZIMBABWE, BUT IT IS ALMOST CERTAINLY TRUE
THAT THEY DID NOT ORIGINATE IN THIS COUNTRY BUT MERELY
USED IT AS A TRANSIT ROUTE. A CLAMPDOWN ON SUCH TRAFFIC
BY THE GOZ CAN BE EXPECTED. END COMMENT.
KEELEY
CONFIDENTIAL
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2017-00020 Doc No. C06245970 Date: 05/26/2017
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253514 231339Z /44
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FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 3407
INFO DIA WASHDC
USIA WASHDC 2567
AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
LIMITED OFFICIAL USE HARARE 01700
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY; DEPT FOR AF, AF/S, HA
RELEASE IN FULL
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Steve Blodgett,
Senior Reviewer
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: PINS, PTER, PGOV, ZI
SUBJECT: MATABELELAND: MNANGAGWA SAYS DISSIDENTS ARE
ON THE RUN, DENYS FOOD DISTRIBUTION BEING HINDERED
1. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH ZIANA MARCH 22, REPORTED ON THE
HERALD’S FRONT PAGE 03/23, MINISTER OF STATE FOR SECURITY
EMMERSON MNANGAGWA SAID SECURITY FORCES HAVE KILLED 11
DISSIDENTS IN MATABELELAND SOUTH AND MIDLANDS PROVINCE
THIS MONTH, WHILE AN ADDITIONAL 30 WERE KILLED IN JANUARY
AND FEBRUARY. THE ELEVEN WERE KILLED IN THE MBERENGWA,
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ZHOMBE, AND SILOBELA DISTRICTS (ALL IN MIDLANDS PROVINCE)
IN THE SECOND WEEK OF MARCH. HE SAID THIS WAS THE
LARGEST NUMBER OF DISSIDENTS KILLED IN A SINGLE WEEK
“SINCE THE ANTI-DISSIDENT OPERATIONS BEGAN.” THIRTY OTHER
DISSIDENTS WERE CAPTURED IN THE FIRST TWO MONTHS OF THE
YEAR, HE SAID. ALL THOSE KILLED OR CAPTURED WERE MEMBERS
OF EITHER ZAPU OR “SUPER-ZAPU,” ACCORDING TO THE MINISTER.
SOUTH AFRICA WEAPONS HAD BEEN COLLECTED AFTER THE CLASHES
WITH SUPER-ZAPU GROUPS.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2017-00020 Doc No. C06245970 Date: 05/26/2017
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2017-00020 Doc No. C06245970 Date: 05/26/2017
2. MNANGAGWA NOTED THAT THE DISSIDENTS WERE FOUND TO BE
CARRYING WILD BERRIES, WHICH HE SAID WAS EVIDENCE THAT
THEY WERE ON THE RUN AND DID NOT HAVE TIME TO HARRY
LOCAL PEASANTS FOR FOOD. HE CITED THIS AS EVIDENCE THAT
THE SECURITY FORCES “WERE ON TOP OF THE SITUATION.”
3. HE SAID THE AREA OF MATABELELAND SOUTH UNDER CURFEW
WAS ONE OF THE COUNTRY’S “MOST PROPERLY SERVICED” IN
TERMS OF FOOD DISTRIBUTION, AND HE ASSERTED THAT NO ONE
HAD DIED OF HUNGER. HE SAID ZAPU LEADER JOSHUA NKOMO
WAS “LYING” WHEN HE HAD STATED THAT PEOPLE IN THE AREA
WERE STARVING BECAUSE SECURITY FORCES HAD NOT ALLOWED
SHOPS TO OPEN. “THERE HAS NOT BEEN A SINGLE DEATH IN
MATABELELAND SOUTH FROM HUNGER,” THE MINISTER SAID.
4. COMMENT: WE NOTE THAT THE THREE DISTRICTS CITED
BY THE MINISTER AS THE LOCATIONS WHERE DISSIDENTS WERE
KILLED ARE WELL OUTSIDE THE CURFEW AREA–TWO OF THEM
ARE NORTH OF GWERU AND OVER 200 KILOMETERS FROM THE AREA
WHERE THE ARMY IS SUPPOSED TO BE FLUSHING OUT DISSIDENTS.
HE MADE NO SPECIFIC MENTION OF ANY CONTACTS WITH
DISSIDENTS INSIDE THE CURFEW AREA. END COMMENT.
LANPHER
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AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
LIMITED OFFICIAL USE HARARE 01700
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY; DEPT FOR AF, AF/S, HA
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: PINS, PTER, PGOV, ZI
SUBJECT: MATABELELAND: MNANGAGWA SAYS DISSIDENTS ARE
ON THE RUN, DENYS FOOD DISTRIBUTION BEING HINDERED
1. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH ZIANA MARCH 22, REPORTED ON THE
HERALD’S FRONT PAGE 03/23, MINISTER OF STATE FOR SECURITY
EMMERSON MNANGAGWA SAID SECURITY FORCES HAVE KILLED 11
DISSIDENTS IN MATABELELAND SOUTH AND MIDLANDS PROVINCE
THIS MONTH, WHILE AN ADDITIONAL 30 WERE KILLED IN JANUARY
AND FEBRUARY. THE ELEVEN WERE KILLED IN THE MBERENGWA,
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ZHOMBE, AND SILOBELA DISTRICTS (ALL IN MIDLANDS PROVINCE)
IN THE SECOND WEEK OF MARCH. HE SAID THIS WAS THE
LARGEST NUMBER OF DISSIDENTS KILLED IN A SINGLE WEEK
“SINCE THE ANTI-DISSIDENT OPERATIONS BEGAN.” THIRTY OTHER
DISSIDENTS WERE CAPTURED IN THE FIRST TWO MONTHS OF THE
YEAR, HE SAID. ALL THOSE KILLED OR CAPTURED WERE MEMBERS
OF EITHER ZAPU OR “SUPER-ZAPU,” ACCORDING TO THE MINISTER.
SOUTH AFRICA WEAPONS HAD BEEN COLLECTED AFTER THE CLASHES
WITH SUPER-ZAPU GROUPS.
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256797 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256797 Date: 09/24/2013
2. MNANGAGWA NOTED THAT THE DISSIDENTS WERE FOUND TO BE
CARRYING WILD BERRIES, WHICH HE SAID WAS EVIDENCE THAT
THEY WERE ON THE RUN AND DID NOT HAVE TIME TO HARRY
LOCAL PEASANTS FOR FOOD. HE CITED THIS AS EVIDENCE THAT
THE SECURITY FORCES “WERE ON TOP OF THE SITUATION.”
3. HE SAID THE AREA OF MATABELELAND SOUTH UNDER CURFEW
WAS ONE OF THE COUNTRY’S “MOST PROPERLY SERVICED” IN
TERMS OF FOOD DISTRIBUTION, AND HE ASSERTED THAT NO ONE
HAD DIED OF HUNGER. HE SAID ZAPU LEADER JOSHUA NKOMO
WAS “LYING” WHEN HE HAD STATED THAT PEOPLE IN THE AREA
WERE STARVING BECAUSE SECURITY FORCES HAD NOT ALLOWED
SHOPS TO OPEN. “THERE HAS NOT BEEN A SINGLE DEATH IN
MATABELELAND SOUTH FROM HUNGER,” THE MINISTER SAID.
4. COMMENT: WE NOTE THAT THE THREE DISTRICTS CITED
BY THE MINISTER AS THE LOCATIONS WHERE DISSIDENTS WERE
KILLED ARE WELL OUTSIDE THE CURFEW AREA–TWO OF THEM
ARE NORTH OF GWERU AND OVER 200 KILOMETERS FROM THE AREA
WHERE THE ARMY IS SUPPOSED TO BE FLUSHING OUT DISSIDENTS.
HE MADE NO SPECIFIC MENTION OF ANY CONTACTS WITH
DISSIDENTS INSIDE THE CURFEW AREA. END COMMENT.
LANPHER
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AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
LIMITED OFFICIAL USE HARARE 01700
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY; DEPT FOR AF, AF/S, HA
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: PINS, PTER, PGOV, ZI
SUBJECT: MATABELELAND: MNANGAGWA SAYS DISSIDENTS ARE
ON THE RUN, DENYS FOOD DISTRIBUTION BEING HINDERED
1. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH ZIANA MARCH 22, REPORTED ON THE
HERALD’S FRONT PAGE 03/23, MINISTER OF STATE FOR SECURITY
EMMERSON MNANGAGWA SAID SECURITY FORCES HAVE KILLED 11
DISSIDENTS IN MATABELELAND SOUTH AND MIDLANDS PROVINCE
THIS MONTH, WHILE AN ADDITIONAL 30 WERE KILLED IN JANUARY
AND FEBRUARY. THE ELEVEN WERE KILLED IN THE MBERENGWA,
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ZHOMBE, AND SILOBELA DISTRICTS (ALL IN MIDLANDS PROVINCE)
IN THE SECOND WEEK OF MARCH. HE SAID THIS WAS THE
LARGEST NUMBER OF DISSIDENTS KILLED IN A SINGLE WEEK
“SINCE THE ANTI-DISSIDENT OPERATIONS BEGAN.” THIRTY OTHER
DISSIDENTS WERE CAPTURED IN THE FIRST TWO MONTHS OF THE
YEAR, HE SAID. ALL THOSE KILLED OR CAPTURED WERE MEMBERS
OF EITHER ZAPU OR “SUPER-ZAPU,” ACCORDING TO THE MINISTER.
SOUTH AFRICA WEAPONS HAD BEEN COLLECTED AFTER THE CLASHES
WITH SUPER-ZAPU GROUPS.
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256797 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256797 Date: 09/24/2013
2. MNANGAGWA NOTED THAT THE DISSIDENTS WERE FOUND TO BE
CARRYING WILD BERRIES, WHICH HE SAID WAS EVIDENCE THAT
THEY WERE ON THE RUN AND DID NOT HAVE TIME TO HARRY
LOCAL PEASANTS FOR FOOD. HE CITED THIS AS EVIDENCE THAT
THE SECURITY FORCES “WERE ON TOP OF THE SITUATION.”
3. HE SAID THE AREA OF MATABELELAND SOUTH UNDER CURFEW
WAS ONE OF THE COUNTRY’S “MOST PROPERLY SERVICED” IN
TERMS OF FOOD DISTRIBUTION, AND HE ASSERTED THAT NO ONE
HAD DIED OF HUNGER. HE SAID ZAPU LEADER JOSHUA NKOMO
WAS “LYING” WHEN HE HAD STATED THAT PEOPLE IN THE AREA
WERE STARVING BECAUSE SECURITY FORCES HAD NOT ALLOWED
SHOPS TO OPEN. “THERE HAS NOT BEEN A SINGLE DEATH IN
MATABELELAND SOUTH FROM HUNGER,” THE MINISTER SAID.
4. COMMENT: WE NOTE THAT THE THREE DISTRICTS CITED
BY THE MINISTER AS THE LOCATIONS WHERE DISSIDENTS WERE
KILLED ARE WELL OUTSIDE THE CURFEW AREA–TWO OF THEM
ARE NORTH OF GWERU AND OVER 200 KILOMETERS FROM THE AREA
WHERE THE ARMY IS SUPPOSED TO BE FLUSHING OUT DISSIDENTS.
HE MADE NO SPECIFIC MENTION OF ANY CONTACTS WITH
DISSIDENTS INSIDE THE CURFEW AREA. END COMMENT.
LANPHER
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USMISSION GENEVA
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AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 4184
DEPT FOR AF/S, RP, AND CA/OCS/EMR
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
E.O. 12356: DECL: 6/21/89
TAGS: PREL, SFEF, ZI, BC
SUBJECT: MINISTER SPEAKS ON SECURITY SITUATION, RELATIONS
WITH BOTSWANA, SOUTH AFRICA
REF: GABORONE 2318 (NOTAL)
1. (U) SUMMARY: THE MINISTER OF STATE FOR SECURITY,
EMMERSON MNANGAGWA, DISCUSSED VARIOUS ASPECTS OF THE
SECURITY SITUATION IN THE COUNTRY DURING A VISIT TO
BULAWAYO THIS PAST WEEKEND. HE SAID THAT BOTSWANA HAS
BEGUN TO COOPERATE WITH GOZ AUTHORITIES IN RETURNING
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“REFUGEES” TO ZIMBABWE. THE POPULATION IN MATABELELAND
HAD BEGUN TO COOPERATE WITH THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT IN
CONTROLLING DISSIDENTS. HE DENIED THE SOUTH AFRICAN
ASSERTION THAT ANC GUERRILLAS HAD CROSSED INTO THE
REPUBLIC FROM ZIMBABWE. ON THE KIDNAPPING OF SIX
FOREIGN TOURISTS OVER TEN MONTHS AGO, MNANGAGWA SAID
FIVE DISSIDENTS WERE BEING QUESTIONED, AND DETAILS WOULD
BE RELEASED WHEN INVESTIGATIONS WERE COMPLETED. THE GOZ
HAD TAKEN PRECAUTIONS FOR THE SECURITY OF MATABELELAND
FARMERS. END SUMMARY.
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
2. (U) UNDER THE HEADLINE “BOTSWANA HANDS DISSIDENTS
BACK TO ZIMBABWE,” THE HERALD JUNE 21 REPORTS ON REMARKS
BY MINISTER MNANGAGWA IN BULAWAYO OVER THE WEEKEND. HE
SAID ZIMBABWE IS RECEIVING “MASIMUM COOPERATION” FROM
BOTSWANA, AFTER THE SIGNING OF A PROTOCOL TO EASE THE
REPATRIATION OF DISSIDENTS, AND A NUMBER OF BANDITS HAD
ALREADY BEEN HANDED OVER BY GOB AUTHORITIES. “THE
BOTSWANA CONNECTION WILL SOON DRY UP,” HE SAID. IT WAS
POSSIBLE FOR SOME DISSIDENTS TO REMAIN IN THE COUNTRY
WITHOUT GOB KNOWLEDGE, SINCE THE TERRITORY IS SO LARGE,
BUT A RAPID SYSTEM OF COMMUNICATION HAD BEEN SET UP
WHICH ENABLED AUTHORITIES TO IDENTIFY WHERE BANDITS HAD
CROSSED THE BORDER INTO BOTSWANA, AND TO REACT QUICKLY;
THE SYSTEM IS NOW WORKING WELL, HE ADDED. (COMMENT: NO
FURTHER INFORMATION WAS GIVEN ON THE NATURE OR FUNCTIONING OF THIS SYSTEM. END COMMENT.)
3. (U) SPEAKING ABOUT THE DISSIDENT SITUATION IN MATABELELAND, MNANGAGWA SAID THERE WERE ONLY ISOLATED POCKETS IN
THE PROVINCE WHERE LOCAL RESIDENTS GAVE SUPPORT TO
DISSIDENTS. HE ASCRIBED THIS IN PART TO THE RECENT VISIT
TO THE AREA BY THE PRIME MINISTER AND SEVERAL OTHER
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CABINET MEMBERS, WHICH HAD “DRIED UP” THE SUPPORT. SINCE
THE ARMY COULD NOT BE EVERYWHERE AT ONCE, THE BANDITS
WOULD CONTINUE TO STRIKE IN UNCOVERED AREAS, BUT THE
PUBLIC WAS NOW ASSISTING THE GOZ IN ITS ANTI-DISSIDENT
ACTIVITIES, PROVIDING INFORMATION ABOUT THEIR MOVEMENTS.
HE DID NOT THINK MORE DRASTIC MEASURES WERE NEEDED. THE
GOZ HAD MADE ADEQUATE PROVISIONS FOR THE SECURITY OF
FARMERS IN THE PROVINCE, BUT HE ADMITTED THAT DISSIDENTS
“WILL OCCASIONALLY SUCCEED” IN HITTING SOME TARGETS.
THEY WER SELECTING WHITE FARMERS AS TARGETS BECAUSE OF
THE PUBLICITY WHICH RESULTED. THE FARMERS’ UNION MET
REGULARLY WITH GOZ OFFICIALS TO DISCUSS SECURITY.
4. (U) HE NOTED THAT THERE ARE STILL LARGE NUMBERS OF
“POTENTIAL BANDITS” IN SOUTH AFRICA, AND SAID SMALL
GROUPS CONTINUE TO ENTER ZIMBABWE FROM THAT DIRECTION.
SECURITY FORCES WOULD REMAIN IN THE AFFECTED AREAS UNTIL
“THE THREAT FROM THE SOUTH IS REMOVED.” HE REFUTED THE
STATEMENT BY THE SAG THAT ANC FIGHTERS HAD CROSSED INTO
THE REPUBLIC FROM ZIMBABWE. HE SAID TWO ANC MEMBERS HAD
FLED INTO ZIMBABWE WHILE BEING CHASED BY SADF TROOPS,
BUT THEY HAD ENTERED SOUTH AFRICA “FROM A COUNTRY OTHER
THAN ZIMBABWE.”
5. (U) ON THE FATE OF THE SIX FOREIGN TOURISTS KIDNAPPED
LAST JULY, MNANGAGWA CONFIRMED THAT FIVE DISSIDENTS,
RECENTLY ARRESTED BY THE SECURITY FORCES, WERE CONNECTED
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
WITH THE ABDUCTION. “WE NOW KNOW THAT THEY ARE CONNECTED
WITH THE KIDNAPPING OF THE TOURISTS,” THE MINISTER SAID,
“BUT THE FACTS OF THEIR LIFE OR DEATH WILL NOT BE
ANNOUNCED UNTIL ALL ISSUES PERTAINING TO THE MATTER HAVE
BEEN RESOLVED.”
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AMEMBASSY LONDON
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AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
CON F I D EN T IALSECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 4184
DEPT FOR AF/S, RP, AND CA/OCS/EMR
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
6. (U) THE SOLE EDITORIAL IN MONDAYS HERALD, ENTITLED
“PEACE ONCE MORE,” SAYS “SECURITY FORCES HAVE CLEARLY
RESTORED GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY IN THE AFFECTED PROVINCES.”
THE PIECE REFERS TO “PUBLICITY-SEEKING ZIPRA BANDITS,”
AND SAYS THEY ONLY EXIST IN HEADLINES NOW. THE BANDITS
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
ARE NOW ONLY “AN INSIGNIFICANT ELEMENT IN OUR SOCIETY,”
SAYS THE EDITORIAL, WHICH WAS THE AIM OF THE SECURITY
FORCES’ OPERATIONS IN THE PROVINCE EARLY THIS YEAR.
NONETHELESS, THE EDITORIAL CONCLUDES: “OUR DETRACTORS
ACROSS THE LIMPOPO ARE SPENDING SLEEPLESS NIGHTS SCHEMING
MASSIVE INFILTRATION OF TRAINED REBELS INTO THE COUNTRY.
ITS THIS ELEMENT THAT WE ALSO HAVE TO DECISIVELY DEFEAT
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— AND APARTHEID — BEFORE WE CAN SETTLE DOWN TO ENJOY
THE FRUITS OF OUR HARD-WON INDEPENDENCE.”
7. (C) COMMENT: THE REFOULEMENT OF ZIMBABWWAN REFUGEES
BY BOTSWANA (REFTEL) HAS RECEIVED RELATIVELY LITTLE PRESS
PLAY IN HARARE, SLIGHTLY MORE IN BULAWAYO. WE WOULD
DOUBT THAT THE GOB HAS CHANGED ITS SIGNALS, RATHER IT IS
PROBABLY APPLYING MORE CAREFULLY ITS OWN RULES DEFINING
WHAT CONSTITUTES A REFUGEE. AS FOR THE SECURITY SITUATION
IN MATABELELAND, THE GOZ IS STILL A LONG WAY FROM
WINNING ANY HEARTS OR MINDS AMONG THE NDEBELE. THE
PRESSURES FROM THE MILITARY AND THE DROUGHT MIGHT HAVE
BROUGHT INCREASED COOPERATION WITH THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT, BUT THEY COULD ALSO BE BUILDING A LARGE RESERVOIR
OF RESENTMENT. WHITE FARMERS ARE WELL AWARE THAT THEY
ARE PREFERRED TARGETS, AND THEY FAULT THE AUTHORITIES FOR
NOT PROVIDING MORE EFFECTIVE PROTECTION, MORE RAPID
RESPONSE TO ATTACKS AND MORE COMPLETE FOLLOW-THROUGHT TO
DISSIDENT SIGHTINGS. WE HAVE NO REASON TO DOUBT THE
SAG ASSERTION THAT THE ANC GUERRILLAS CAME ACROSS THE
BORDER FROM ZIMBABWE, BUT IT IS ALMOST CERTAINLY TRUE
THAT THEY DID NOT ORIGINATE IN THIS COUNTRY BUT MERELY
USED IT AS A TRANSIT ROUTE. A CLAMPDOWN ON SUCH TRAFFIC
BY THE GOZ CAN BE EXPECTED. END COMMENT.
KEELEY
CONFIDENTIAL
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256683 Date: 09/24/2013
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UNCLAS HARARE 05843
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: CASC, PTER, ZI
SUBJECT: WELFARE/WHEREABOUTS: ABDUCTION OF AMCITS IN
– ZIMBABWE
FOLLOWING IS FULL TEXT OF FRONT-PAGE ARTICLE IN THE
HERALD OF SEPT. 8 QUOTING FROM A SEPT. 7 SPEECH BY
MINISTER OF STATE MNANGAGWA. BEGIN TEXT: A GROUP OF
DISSIDENTS SENT FROM SOUTH AFRICA TO BLOW UP THE PETROL
DEPOT AT BEITBRIDGE WAS CAPTURED TWO DAYS AGO, THE
MINISTER OF STATE (SECURITY), CDE EMMERSON MNANGAGWA,
SAID YESTERDAY. CDE MNANGAGWA, WHO WAS SPEAKING TO
MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVES ASSOCIATION OF HARARE ABOUT
THE SECURITY SITUATION IN THE COUNTRY, SAID A STATEMENT
ON THE CAPTURED DISSIDENTS WOULD BE ISSUED SOON.
– “WE THINK THAT WE HAVE ACCOUNTED FOR THE MAJORITY OF
THE LEADERS OF THE ZIPRA DISSIDENT GROUPS. SOME OF THE
PEOPLE WE HAVE BEEN HUNTING FOR ARE IN PRISON FOR DIFFERENT OFFENSES.” COOPERATION BETWEEN THIS COUNTRY AND
ZAMBIA HAD RESULTED IN THE ARREST OF SOME OF THE PEOPLE
INVOLVED IN ABDUCTIONS IN MATABELELAND. IT WAS THROUGH
INTERROGATING THESE PEOPLE THAT THE GOVERNMENT HAD BEEN
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 02 HARARE 05843 080823Z
ABLE TO LOCATE THE REMAINS OF MR. DAVID BILANG AND MR.
ROBERT DYER-SMITH, WHO WERE ABDUCTED IN MATABELELAND.
– THE GOVERNMENT BELIEVED THAT THOSE PEOPLE BEING
INTERROGATED WERE INVOLVED IN THE ABDUCTION OF SIX
FOREIGN TOURISTS IN JULY LAST YEAR. THE PEOPLE BEING
INTERROGATED HAD NOT SAID ANYTHING TO MAKE THE GOVERNMENT BELIEVE THE SIX TOURISTS WERE DEAD OR ALIVE
AND SOME KEY MEMBERS OF THE GROUP THAT ABDUCTED THE
TOURISTS WERE STILL AT LARGE.
– THE MINISTER SAID THAT BECAUSE OF HIS VISITS AND
THOSE BY HIS COLLEAGUES TO BOTSWANA, THE GOVERNMENT
THERE WAS COOPERATING AND ZIMBABWE HAD BEEN ABLE TO
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256713 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256713 Date: 09/24/2013
GET DISSIDENTS WHO WERE OPERATING FROM THAT COUNTRY.
BECAUSE OF THIS COOPERATION, SOME OF THE DISSIDENTS HAD
MOVED AND WERE NOW BEING TRAINED IN SOUTH AFRICA AND
BOPHUTHATSWANA. THEY WERE THEN INFILTRATED INTO ZIMBABWE UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF WHITE FORMER CIO OFFICERS.
– “THE PERSONS WHO LEAD THEM BACK ARE MY FORMER CIO
OFFICERS AND ONE OF THEM WAS ONCE IN THE ARMY. THE
OTHER FOUR WERE MY OFFICERS WHO KNOW THIS SIDE OF THE
BORDER VERY WELL AND BRING DISSIDENTS INTO ZIMBABWE,”
CDE MNANGAGWA SAID.
– WHEN ZAPU INITIATED THE DISSIDENT MENACE THE SOUTH
AFRICANS SAW AN OPPORTUNITY TO DESTABILIZE THIS COUNTRY
AND CREATED “SUPER-ZAPU” AND WHEN THEY REALIZED THAT
SUPPORT FOR ZIPRA WAS DWINDLING IN BOTSWANA, THE SOUTH
AFRICANS SOUGHT TO GENERALIZE THE CONFLICT. CDE MNANGAGWA SAID THAT THE BURMA VALLEY FARMER, MR. JOHN FARODI,
HAD BEEN MURDERED BY MNR BANDITS BECAUSE HE COOPERATED
WITH THE ZIMBABWE SECURITY FORCES. HIS SON, GIOVANNI
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 03 HARARE 05843 080823Z
(14), WAS ABDUCTED BY THE BANDITS.
– IN REPLY TO A QUESTION ON THE SIX DETAINED AIR FORCE
MEN, CDE MNANGAGWA SAID THE PRIME MINISTER, CDE MUGABE,
WOULD PROBABLY ADDRESS HIMSELF TO THIS QUESTION DURING
HIS OVERSEAS TOUR. THE MEN WERE DETAINED LAST WEDNESDAY,
AFTER BEING ACQUITTED BY THE HIGH COURT ON CHARGES OF
COMPLICITY IN THE THORNHILL AIRBASE SABOTAGE. END TEXT.
LANPHER
UNCLASSIFIED
NN
« END OF DOCUMENT »
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256713 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256669 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 01 HARARE 03206 111103Z
ACTION AF-10
INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 INR-10 EUR-12 SS-10 CIAE-00
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/093 W
042574 111157Z /44
P R 111040Z MAY 83
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 9755
INFO USIA WASHDC 1475
DIA WASHDC
AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
UNCLAS HARARE 3206
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY; USIA FOR AF
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: PREL, PBTS, MOPS, ZI, SF, BC
SUBJ: SECURITY MINISTER SAYS THREE SOUTH AFRICAN SPIES CAUGHT
1. MINISTER OF STATE FOR SECURITY EMMERSON MNANGAGWA SAID
IN AN INTERVIEW IN THE MAY 11 HERALD THAT THREE BLACK MEMBERS
OF THE FORMER RHODESIAN SECURITY FORCES HAVE BEEN ARRESTED
AFTER INFILTRATING INTO MATABELELAND FROM SOUTH AFRICA. THE
MINISTER TOLD HERALD POLITICAL EDITOR TIM CHIGODO THAT THE
MEN WERE PART OF A GROUP OF 16 FORMER AUXILIARIES SENT BACK
INTO ZIMBABWE EARLY THIS YEAR BY THE SAG. THEIR TASK WAS
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 02 HARARE 03206 111103Z
TO RECRUIT VOLUNTEERS TO GO TO SOUTH AFRICA FOR MILITARY
TRAINING, BUT THEY WERE ALSO ENGAGED IN “LOW-LEVEL RECONNAISSANCE AND INTELLIGENCE-GATHERING TASKS.” THE OTHER
THIRTEEN MEMBERS OF THE GROUP ARE STILL ON THE RUN
WITHIN ZIMBABWE.
2. IN ADDITION, SECURITY FORCES HAD ARRESTED A FORMER
BLACK “SPECIAL BRANCH” OFFICER BASED IN BULAWAYO, AFTER
HE HAD BEEN FLOWN INTO ZIMBABWE ILLEGALLY FROM SOUTH
AFRICA. HE HAD VISITED AN SADF INTELLIGENCE BASE ON THE
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
RELEASED IN FULL
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256669 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256669 Date: 09/24/2013
OTHER SIDE OF THE LIMPOPO RIVER. THE MINISTER SAID
“THIS MAN WAS A CONTACT FOR A GROUP WHICH WE KNOW WAS
RESPONSIBLE FOR THE(JULY 1981) MURDER OF THE ANC
REPRESENTATIVE IN ZIMBABWE, CDE JOE GGABI.”
3. THE GOZ BELIEVES THAT IT IS A TARGET OF SOUTH AFRICAN
DESTABILIZATION, THE MINISTER SAID, AND RECENT INCIDENTS
HAD SERVED TO PROVE IT. FURTHER OPERATIONS OF THIS
NATURE MUST BE ANTICIPATED, HE SAID. HE CITED TWO
EXPOSURES OF DIRECT INFILTRATION INTO ZIMBABWE BY SOUTH
AFRICAN ELEMENTS: THE FIRST IN AUGUST OF LAST YEAR,
WHEN THREE WHITES WERE KILLED WHO LATER TURNED OUT TO
BE NOT ONLY FORMER RHODESIAN SOLDIERS BUT SERVING
MEMBERS OF THE SADF; THE SECOND INCIDENT AT THE END OF
1982 WHEN A GROUP OF TEN MEN WERE EITHER KILLED OR
CAPTURED IN THE MARANDA COMMUNAL LAND (SOME 100 KILOMETERS NORTH OF BEITBRIDGE). THESE HAD BEEN INSTRUCTED
TO MOBILIZE THE PEOPLE AND FIGHT FOR THE “LIBERATION”
OF THE COUNTRY. “IT IS APPARENT,” THE
MINISTER SAID, “THAT THESE PEOPLE HAVE BEEN PUSHED INTO
ZIMBABWE TO INCREASE THE DISORDERS WHICH WERE PREVALENT
IN THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE COUNTRY AND TO SUPERIMPOSE
THEMSELVES ONTO THE GENERAL BANDIT ACTIVITY BEING
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 03 HARARE 03206 111103Z
CARRIED OUT BY FORMER ZIPRA FORCES.”
4. HE SAID THERE HAD BEEN AN INCREASE IN THE MOVEMENT
OF “ZIPRA BANDITS” ACROSS THE BORDER WITH BOTSWANA, AND
THERE WERE STRONG INDICATIONS THAT THEY RECEIVED
ASSISTANCE FROM SOUTH AFRICAN AUTHORITIES. A NUMBER
OF FORMER AUXILIARIES AND OTHER MILITARY PERSONNEL HAD
BEN EITHER KILLED OR CAPTURED WHILE INFILTRATING
ZIMBABWE FROM SOUTH AFRICA. “WE BELIEVE THAT A SUBSTANTIAL NUMBER OF PERSONS OF THE FORMER REGIME ARE STILL
BASED IN SOUTH AFRICA AND HAVE NOT, AS YET, BEEN
COMMITTED TO ANY INVASION OF THIS COUNTRY,” HE ADDED.
5. SPEAKING ON THE SITUATION IN MATABELELAND, MNANGAGWA
NOTED THAT THE LEVEL OF BANDITRY HAD DECREASED SINCE
THE DEPLOYMENT OF ADDITIONAL TROOPS IN THE PROVINCE.
“HOWEVER, WE MUST NOT FORGET THAT MANY INCIDENTS ARE
THE WORK OF CRIMINAL ELEMENTS, WHO ARE MOTIVATED BY
GREED AND NOT BY POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS,” HE ADDED.
THE GOZ WAS CONSTANTLY ALERT TO THE POTENTIAL PRESENCE
OF FOREIGN SPY RINGS, THROUGH THE COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE
DIVISION OF THE CIO. HE ALSO MENTIONED THE CONSIDERABLE
COOPERATION AMONG SADCC COUNTRIES ON SECURITY MATTERS. KEELEY
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256669 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256669 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED
NNN
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256669 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256494 Date: 09/24/2013
RELEASED IN FULL
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 01 HARARE 05297 201233Z
ACTION OCS-06
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236566 201236Z /51 38
P 201205Z SEP 82
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TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 7064
AMEMBASSY CANBERRA
AMEMBASSY LONDON
INFO AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
UNCLAS HARARE 5297
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: CASC, PTER, ZI
SUBJECT: AMCITS ABDUCTED IN ZIMBABWE: MUGABE “ENCOURAGED” BY
NKOMO’S EFFORTS
PM MUGABE HAS JUST COMPLETED A TWO-DAY VISIT TO MATABELELAND,
DURING WHICH HE MET WITH IMPORTANT DELEGATIONS REPRESENTING
VARIOUS SEGMENTS OF THE POPULATION (SEPTEL). DURING A MEETING
WITH COMMERCIAL FARMERS AT MARULA (60 KM SOUTHWEST OF BULAWAYO)
ON SATURDAY, SEPT. 18, MUGABE REPORTEDLY SPOKE OF THE KIDNAPPING OF SIX FOREIGN TOURISTS IN LATE JULY. HE SAID THAT
A SOLUTION TO THE DISSIDENT PROBLEM WOULD HAVE TO COME FROM
THE LEADERSHIP OF ZAPU, WHICH WOULD HAVE TO GO OUT INTO THE
BUSH TO TALK WITH THE DISSIDENTS DIRECTLY. IN THIS REGARD,
HE SAID HE WAS “ENCOURAGED” BY THE TRIPS ZAPU LEADER JOSHUA
NKOMO HAD MADE TO REMOTE AREAS TO PERSUADE LOCAL RESIDENTS TO
ASSIST GOZ FORCES IN THEIR SEARCH FOR THE TOURISTS.
HOWEVER, THERE IS STILL MUCH TO BE DONE, MUGABE SAID.
LANPHER
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 02 HARARE 05297 201233Z
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256494 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256494 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED
NN
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256494 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256824 Date: 09/24/2013
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ACTION AF-00
INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00
CIAE-00 H-01 NSAE-00 SY-06 HA-08 L-03 PM-10
PA-01 CCO-00 OMB-01 A-02 USIE-00 SP-02 OC-02
SNP-01 PRS-01 /049 W
263042 091853Z /50
R 090754Z MAY 84
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 3943
INFO DIA WASHDC
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ-2//
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
CON FIDENTIALHARARE 02687
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR
TAGS: PINS, PTER, PGOV, ZI
SUBJECT: MUGABE AND BANANA COMMENT ON SECURITY SITUATION
– AND ALLEGATIONS OF ATROCITIES
1. (U) PRIME MINISTER ROBERT MUGABE, ADDRESSING A PRESS
CONFERENCE IN BULAWAYO WHERE HE OFFICIALLY OPENED THE
TRADE FAIR MAY 7, TOLD REPORTERS THE CURFEW IMPOSED ON
MATABELELAND SOUTH WOULD BE LIFTED “AS AND WHEN THE
SITUATION IMPROVES.” OTHER GOZ SPOKESMEN HAD SAID THE
CURFEW WOULD BE LIFTED WHEN THE SECURITY SITUATION JUSTIFIED IT, BUT THE P.M. NOTED THAT THERE REMAIN CERTAIN
AREAS WHERE THE SITUATION IS STILL BAD. (COMMENT: THIS
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PAGE 02 HARARE 02687 090807Z
CONTRASTS WITH THE STATEMENT BY MINISTER OF STATE FOR
DEFENSE KADUNGERE, SPEAKING TO A RALLY IN GWANDA IN THE
HEART OF THE CURFEW AREA ON MAY DAY. KADUNGERE IS REPORTED TO HAVE TOLD GWANDA RESIDENTS THAT SECURITY FORCES
HAD REPORTED FAVORABLE RESPONSES FROM LOCAL PEOPLE, AND
THIS COOPERATION HAD LED THE GOZ TO CONSIDER LIFTING THE
CURFEW. THE DIFFERENCE IN MESSAGE MAY BE ATTRIBUTABLE TO
THE DIFFERING AUDIENCES. END COMMENT.)
2. (U) MUGABE TOLD THE REPORTERS THAT THERE WAS A CAMREVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256824 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256824 Date: 09/24/2013
PAIGN BY FOREIGN JOURNALISTS TO TARNISH ZIE’S IMAGE,
AND HE ACCUSED THEM AND CHURCH LEADERS OF SPREADING LIES
ABOUT THE MATABELELAND SITUATION. HE SAID THOSE WHO HAD
SPREAD REPORTS OF ATROCITIES WOULD BE TAKEN TO THE AREA
TO PRODUCE EVIDENCE OF THEIR ALLEGATIONS.
3. (U) MEANWHILE, PRESIDENT BANANA, HIMSELF A METHODIST
MINISTER, ADDRESSED A REGIONAL MEETING OF THE URBAN/RURAL
MISSION OF THE WORLD COUNCIL OF CHURCHES AND CRITICIZED
THE (CATHOLIC) CHURCH IN ZIMBABWE FOR MAKING ALLEGATIONS
ABOUT ARMY ATROCITIES IN MATABELELAND BASED SOLELY ON
“GOSSIP AND HEARSAY PICKED UP IN THE STREETS.” THE GOVERNMENT HAS A LEGITIMATE DUTY AND MORAL RESPONSIBILITY TO
PROTECT THE SAFETY OF ALL ITS CITIZENS AND WOULD NEVER
SEND IN THE ARMY TO EXTERMINATE THE NDEBELE, HE ADDED. IF
INNOCENT CIVILIANS ARE CAUGHT IN THE CROSSFIRE, THAT IS
UNFORTUNATE, BUT THE DEEPER PROBLEM WAS BROUGHT ABOUT BY
THOSE WHO TOOK UP ARMS AS DISSIDENTS. HE CALLED UPON THE
CHURCH TO BE CONSTRUCTIVE IN ITS PRONOUNCEMENTS AND TO
PROVIDE PROOF OF ITS ALLEGATIONS.
4. (C) EMBOFFS HAVE BEEN TOLD THAT THE GOZ MINISTRY OF
INFORMATION HAS SCHEDULED A TRIP BY FOREIGN JOURNALISTS TO
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VISIT SELECTED AREAS IN MATABELELAND SOUTH ON WEDNESDAY,
MAY 9. WE HAVE ALSO HEARD THE RUMOR FROM SEVERAL RELIABLE
SOURCES THAT FIVE BRIGADE HAS RECEIVED INSTRUCTIONS TO
CLEAN UP THE AREA AND REMOVE ANY EVIDENCE OF ATROCITIES.
OUR BULAWAYO AREA SOURCES REPORT THAT FOOD IS AVAILABLE
THROUGHOUT THE CURFEW AREA. MILLER
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256824 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256824 Date: 09/24/2013
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256824 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
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DODE-00 H-01 10-15 NSCE-00 NSAE-00 SSO-00 SY-05
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0 181020Z FEB 82 ZFF-4
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INFO AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMCONSUL JOHANNESBURG
AMEMBASSY LAGOS
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY MASERU
AMEMBASSY MBABANE
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
USDOC WASHDC
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 01 OF 03 SALISBURY 747
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
E. 0. 12065: GDS 2/18/88 (KEELEY, ROBERT V.) OR-M
TAGS: PGOV, PINT, PINS, ZI, SF
SUBJ: MUGABE ANNOUNCES CABINET CHANGES; NKOMO OUT
REF: SALISBURY 728
1. (C) SUMMARY: MUGABE FEBRUARY 17 SACKED JOSHUA NKOMO,
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PAGE 02 SALISB 00747 01 OF 03 181146Z
JOSIAH CHINAMANO AND TWO OTHER ZAPU LEADERS FROM THE CABINET
FOR ALLEGED CONNECTION WITH SECRET ARMS CACHES, BUT WILL PERMIT OTHER ZAPU MEMBERS TO REMAIN IN GOVERNMENT. HE CHARGED
NKOMO WITH SECRETLY AND UNSUCCESSFULLY SOLICITING SOUTH
AFRICAN SUPPORT FOR A COUP ATTEMPT IN THE MONTHS FOLLOWING THE 1980 ELECTIONS. OTHER MINISTERIAL PORTFOLIOS WERE
REDISTRIBUTED. FORMER HEALTH MINISTER USHEWOKUNZE RETURNS TO THE CABINET. NKALA AND ZVOBGO ARE GIVEN LESS
IMPORTANT MINISTRIES. MUGABE ADDRESSED KIND WORDS TO
RANK-AND-FILE ZAPU AND ZIPRA MEMBERS, DESIGNED TO FOREREVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
STALL VIOLENCE WHICH MIGHT DEVELOP IF ELEMENTS OF THESE
GROUPS FEEL IMMEDIATELY THREATENED. IT IS DOUBTFUL
THAT PATRIOTIC FRONT “COALITION” WILL SURVIVE. NK
POLITICAL FUTURE IS DIM. END SUMMARY.
2. (U) ZIMBABWE PRIME MINISTER ROBERT MUGABE 2/17
DISMISSED MINISTER WITHOUT PORTFOLIO JOSHUA NKOMO, TRANSPORT MINISTER JOSIAH CHINAMANO, NATURAL RESOURCES AND
WATER DEVELOPMENT MINISTER JOSEPH MSIKA AND DEPUTY MINES
MINISTER JINI NTUTA. ALL ARE DIRECTORS OF COMPANIES
OUTLAWED 2/16 AFTER MILITARY EQUIPMENT WAS FOUND HIDDEN
ON PROPERTIES CONTROLLED BY THE ZAPU-RUN FIRMS.
3. (U) IN HIS PRESS CONFERENCE ANNOUNCING THE CABINET
CHANGES, MUGABE WAS DELIBERATE AND CALM
IN DESCRIBING THE REASONS FOR PURGING THE ZAPU LEADERS.
HE SAID THAT THE LAW WOULD BE ALLOWED TO TAKE ITS
COURSE OVER THE ILLEGAL ARMS, BUT THAT THE GOZ IS CONVINCED THE ARMS WERE HOARDED FOR THE PURPOSE OF TRYING
TO OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT. HE ALLEGED THAT SOON AFTER
THE 1980 ELECTIONS, NKOMO APPROACHED THEN-MILITARY-CHIEF
PETER WALLS TO ARRANGE SECRET MEETINGS WITH UNNAMED SOUTH
AFRICANS. TWO MEETINGS WERE HELD. ACCORDING TO MUGABE,
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NKOMO HAD ASKED WHETHER THE SAG WOULD SUPPORT HIM IF
ZAPU STAGED A COUP AGAINST MUGABE, AND WAS BOTH TIMES
TOLD NO. MUGABE SAID THAT HE HEARD ABOUT THE MEETINGS
FROM WALLS (APPARENTLY WELL AFTER THEY TOOK PLACE),
BUT WHEN ASKED ABOUT THEM, NKOMO DENIED MENTIONING A
POSSIBLE COUP TO THE SOUTH AFRICANS. MUGABE LAMENTED
THE “DISHONESTY” OF HIS COALITION PARTNER, AND SAID THAT
ZANU FELT CHEATED BY THE REPEATED EVIDENCE OF NKOMO’S
SUBVERSIVE INTENTIONS. “NOW WE LOOK FOOLISH, VERY
FOOLISH TO HAVE DISMISSED THESE RUMORS, BECAUSE THE MAN
IS CAUGHT RED-HANDED.”
4. (U) MUGABE MADE A GESTURE, HOWEVER, TO NKOMO’S
SUPPORTERS, SAYING THAT “VERY MANY PEOPLE IN ZAPU DIDN’T
KNOW WHAT WAS GOING ON.” HE URGED ZANU PARTISANS TO
REFRAIN FROM HARRASSING ZAPU MEMBERS, AND MENTIONED IN
PARTICULAR THAT “OUR ZIPRA FRIENDS” IN THE ARMY HAD
NOTHING TO FEAR. WHILE A FEW COMMANDERS WOE INVESTIGATED, ZIPRA COULD BE ASSURED, MUGABE SAID, THAT
NO ONE WOULD BE VICTIMIZED WHO WAS NOT RESPONSIBLE
FOR HIDING THE LARGE QUANTITIES OF WEAPONS. IN A
TANGIBLE MEASURE DESIGNED TO REASSURE ZAPU PARTISANS
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
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AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMCONSUL JOHANNESBURG
AMEMBASSY LAGOS
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY MASERU
AMEMBASSY MBABANE
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
USDOC WASHDC
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 02 OF 03 SALISBURY 747
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
(AND, WE THINK, NOT INCIDENTALLY, TO SPLIT THE PARTY),
ZAPU MINISTERS CLEMENT MUCHACHI (WORKS), DANIEL NGWENYA
(ROADS) AND DEPUTIES JOHN NKOMO (INDUSTRY AND ENERGY)
AND CEPHAS MSIPA (MANPOWER) WILL BE ALLOWED TO REMAIN
IN THE CABINET IF THEY CHOOSE TO DO SO.
5. (U) AFTER DETAILING NKOMO’S SINS AND REASSURING ZAPU/ZIPRA
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MUGABE ANNOUNCED THE LONG AWAITED CABINET RESHUFFLE. HE
TWITTED THE PRESS FOR HAVING PRESSED HIM
FOR MANY MONTHS TO ANNOUNCE THE NEW CABINET. IT WAS
CLEAR FROM HIS PRESENTATION AND HIS SIDE REMARKS AS HE
ANNOUNCED THE NEW CABINET THAT SOME MINISTERS WERE HEARING ABOUT THEIR NEW PORTFOLIOS FOR THE FIRST TIME.
6. (U) ONLY THE FOUR ZAPU MEMBERS MENTIONED ABOVE WERE
REMOVED, BUT A NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS SWITCHED HANDS. TWO
NEW MINISTRIES,INATIONAL SUPPLIES (WHICH SOUNDS LIKE
A CABINET-LEVEL GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION) AND
LEGAL AND PARLIAMENTARY AFFAIRS WILL BE HEADED BY EXFINANCE MINISTER ENOS NKALA AND R LOCAL GOVERNMENT
AND HOUSING CHIEF EDDISON ZVOBGO RESPECTIVELY. FINANCE
WILL BE MERGED INTO BERNARD CHIDZERO’S ECONOMIC PLANNING
MINISTRY,IGIVING HIM GREATER CONTROL OF THE COUNTRY’S
ECONOMIC AFFAIRS. HERBERT USHEWOKUNZE, FIRED AS HEALTH
MINISTER IN NOVEMBER, RETURNS AS MINISTER OF HOME
AFFAIRS, RESPONSIBLE FOR THE POLICE AND EMERGENCY POWERS,
REPLACING RICHARD HOVE, WHO MOVES TO TRADE AND COMMERCE.
DEPUTY FINANCE MINISTER OLIVER MUNYARADZI TAKES OVER
THE VACANT HEALTH PORTFOLIO, AND FARAI MASANGO, NOW
ZIMBABWE’S HIGH COMMISSIONER TO TANZANIA, REPLACES CHINAMANO AT
TRANSPORT. MSIKA’S MINISTRY WAS SPLIT IN TWO: DEPUTY
FOREIGN MINISTER SIMBARASHE MUBENGEGWI NOW HEADS
WATER RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT AND VICTORIA CHITEPO
BECOMES MINISTER OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND TOURISM. TWO
DEPUTIES MOVE UP TO TAKE OVER THEIR MINISTERIES: ENOS
CHIKOWORE BECOMES MINISTER OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND HOUSING,
WHILE MOVEN MAHACHI WILL HANDLE LANDS, RESETTLEMENT AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT. MAHACHI REPLACES SYDNEY
SEKEREMAYI, WHO BECOMES A SECOND MINISTER OF STATE IN
THE PRIME MINISTER’S OFFICE, WITH RESPONSIBILITY FOR
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PAGE 03 SALISB 00747 02 OF 03 181156Z
DEFENSE (MUGABE IS DEFENSE MINISTER). POSTS AND
TELECOMMUNICATIONS WERE MOVED FROM THE ROADS MINISTRY
TO INFORMATION, COMPENSATING NATHAN SHAMUYARIRA FOR
THE LOSS OF TOURISM FROM HIS JURISDICTION. IN A SEPARATE
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
ANNOUNCEMENT MUGABE ANNOUNCED THE APPOINTMENT OF DEPUTY
MINISTER OF JUSTICE CHIDYAUSIKO TO BE THE NEW ATTORNEY GENERAL.
7. (U) TALKING WITH THE PRESS AT HIS SALISBURY HOME
AFTER THE MUGABE PRESS CONFERENCE AN ANGRY AND HURT
NKOMO CASTIGATED MUGABE FOR COWARDICE. (THIS WAS NOT REPORTED
IN THE LOCAL PRESS 2/18.) HE ASSERTED THAT THE PM HAD NEVER
DISCUSSED THE ARMS CACHES WITH HIM (AN ALLEGATION SEEMINGLY
SUPPORTED BY AN EVASIVE ANSWER MUGABE GAVE TO A QUESTION ON THE
SAME TOPIC AT THE PRESS CONFERENCE) NOR HAD E THE COURTESY
TO CALL NKOMO HIMSELF AND TELL HIM HE WAS OUT OF THE
CABINET. LOOKING FOR SYMPATHY, NKOMO TOLD THE PRESS
THAT HIS WIFE WAS NEAR DEATH AND HAD BEEN MOVED TO A
HOSPITAL. (POLICE EARLIER DENIED HIS ASSERTION THAT
THEY WERE PREVENTING HER FROM LEAVING THE NKOMO FARM IN
MATABELELAND). NKOMO LABELED MUGABE’S STORY ABOUT HIS
INTRIGUE WITH WALLS AND THE SOUTH AFRICANS AS FABRICATIONS DESIGNED TO ROB HIM OF HIS NATIONALIST CREDENTIALS.
HE TOLD THE PRESS THAT HE HOPED THERE WOULD NOT BE
VIOLENCE BUT THAT IT WOULD NOT BE PROPER FOR HIM TO
COUNSEL THE EX-ZIPRA COMBATANTS BECAUSE HE NO LONGER
HAD ANY AUTHORITY OVER THEM.
8. (C) COMMENT: MUGABE’S PERFORMANCE IN THIS TOUCHY
SITUATION WAS ONE OF HIS MOST EFFECTIVE, PERHAPS EVEN
EQUALING HIS MASTERFUL ELECTION NIGHT SPEECH. EVEN
WHILE DELIVERING A KNOCKOUT PUNCH TO NKOMO, HE DID
SO WITH VELVET GLOVES, COGNIZANT OF THE POTENTIALLY
VIOLENT REACTION OF EX-ZIPRA STILL LOYAL TO THEIR
LEADER. PROVIDING A SOUTH AFRICAN CONNECTION, HOWEVER
CIRCUMSTANTIAL AND HISTORICAL, WITH NKOMO’S ALLEGED
SUBVERSIVE PLANS WILL MAKE IT EASIER TO RALLY SUPPORT
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AGAINST ANY POTENTIAL PRO-NKOMO VIOLENCE AND FURTHER
HUMILIATES THE ZAPU LEADER. PLEDGING THAT NKOMO AND
OTHERS WOULD BE INVESTIAGED AND TRIED BY NORMAL POLICE
AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURES RATHER THAN DETAINED UNDER
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
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ACTION AF-10
INFO OCT-00 ADS-00 AID-07 INR-10 EUR-12 SS-10 CIAE-00
DODE-00 H-01 10-15 NSCE-00 NSAE-00 880-00 SY-05
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TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5064
INFO AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMCONSUL JOHANNESBURG
AMEMBASSY LAGOS
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY MASERU
AMEMBASSY MBABANE
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
USDOC WASHDC
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 03 OF 03 SALISBURY 747
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
EMERGENCY POWERS IS BOTH LEGALLY CORRECT AND POLITICALLY
ASTUTE. IN DETENTION, NKOMO WOULD BE A MARTYR. DURING
A LONG AND PROBABLY INCONCLUSIVE INVESTIGATION, HE WILL
BE AT A POLITICAL DISADVANTAGE, AS ANY ACTION CAN BE
MADE TO SEEM EITHER PROOF OF GUILT OR AN ATTEMPT TO
AVOID PROSECUTION. IT WOULD BE PREMATURE TO COUNT OUT
NKOMO, WHOSE CAREER HAS SPANNED VIRTUALLY THE ENTIRE
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HISTORY OF MODERN ZIMBABWE NATIONALISM, AND WHOSE FOLLOWERS IN MATABELELAND WILL NOT SWITCH ALLEGIANCE EASILY.
BUT NKOMO IS CLEARLY ON THE DEFENSIVE, AND HIS POLITICAL
FUTURE SEEMS DIMMER NOW THAN AT ANY TIME IN THE PAST.
SIGNIFICANTLY, MUGABE MENTIONED NOTHING ABOUT THE
CREATION OF A ONE-PARTY STATE, A TOPIC WHICH, IF DISCUSSED WOULD SERVE TO ONLY INCREASE ZIPRA ANXIETY AT THIS TIME.
DESPITE MUGABE’S SOOTHING WORDS TO ZAPU AND ZIPRA ADHERENTS, THE
MOST IMPORTANT QUESTION TODAY REMAINS, AS IT HAS FOR
SEVERAL WEEKS, WHAT THE REACTION OF INDIVIDUAL ZIPRA
MEMBR COMMANDERS MIGHT BE. THE LAST BULAWAYO
VIOLENCE (FEBRUARY, 1981) BEGAN WITH A BEERHALL FIGHT
BETWEEN ZANLA AND ZIPRA AND THE POSSIBILITY OF A SIMILAR
SPARK IGNITING FURTHER VIOLENCE CANNOT BE DISCOUNTED.
9. (C) THE CABINET SHIFTS ARE A MIXED BAG WHICH DO
NOT SIGNIFY ANY CLEAR IDEOLOGICAL TREND OR NEW DIRECTION.
AMONG THOSE WHO SEEM TO HAVE INCREASED THEIR POWER AND
PRESTIGE ARE CHIDZERO, A SAVVY TECHNOCRAT, AND
SEKEREMAYI, WHOSE HANDLING OF THE TOUCHY ISSUE OF LAND
RESETTLEMENT HAS OBVIOUSLY WON THE PM’S RESPECT.
USHEWOKUNZE IS A BIG WINNER IN THAT HIS RETURN TO THE
CABINET IS TO AN IMPORTANT PORTFOLIO (IN CHARGE OF THE
POLICE). MOST OBJECTIVE OBSERVERS WOULD AGREE THAT WHILE
MUGABE MAY HAVE FELT OBLIGED TO RETURN THE POPULAR
DOCTOR TO THE CABINET, TO PLACE A MAN WHO HAS BEEN
IMPLICATED, IF ONLY TENUOUSLY, IN A MURDER TRIAL
(SALISBURY 0071) IN SUCH A CRUCIAL POST SEEMS
IRRESPONSIBLE. AMONG THE LOSERS ARE ZVOBGO, WHO MUST
RELINQUISH THE POWERFUL POSITION OF MINISTER OF LOCAL
GOVERNMENT AND HOUSING WITH ITS IMPORTANT PATRONAGE
AND POWER AT THE LOCAL LEVEL, AND NKALA, WHO IS DEMOTED
FROM THE KEY JOB OF MINISTER OF FINANCE (WHICH IN
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
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ZIMBABWE HAD HAD THE POWER OF BOTH OUR OMB DIRECTOR AND
SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY). ZVOBGO IS, HOWEVER, EXTREMELY
AMBITIOUS, AND MAY USE HIS NEW JOB TO FURTHER ZANU’S
GOAL OF A ONE-PARTY STATE IN WHICH HE OBVIOUSLY SEES
HIMSELF AS PLAYING A KEY ROLE. ZVOBGO’S ONLY IMMEDIATE
SATISFACTION MAY BE THAT HIS RIVAL FOR HIGHER PARTY
OFFICE, MININFORMATION SHAMAYURIRA, DID NOT RECEIVE THE
MORE IMPORTANT MINISTRY HE HAD BEEN HOPING FOR. INTERESTINGLY, BY NOT FIRING ANY CABINET MINISTERS (OTHER
THAN THE ZAPU ONES) MUGABE INDICATED ONCE AGAIN THAT
THERE ARE COMPLEX RELATIONSHIPS (BARELY UNDERSTOOD BY
OUTSIDERS) WITHIN ZANU, DICTATED BY SUBETHNIC GROUP
TENSIONS AND BINDING TIES OF EMOTID POLITICS, WHICH
COLOR PARTY POLITICS AND PREVENT HIM FROM CANNING SOME
OF THE MORE INCOMPETENT MEMBERS OF HIS OWN CABINET.
ALL IN ALL, IT WOULD APPEAR THAT BY NEUTRALIZATION OF
NKOMO AND HIS PERFORMANCE IN RESHUFFLING THE CABINET,
MUGABE HAS INCREASED HIS POWER OVER HIS GOVERNMENT AND
PARTY, AT TENDENCY WHICH HAS BEEN APPARENT FOR THE LAST
YEAR AND A HALF. SURELY, MANY WILL FEEL THAT MUGABE’S
LONG DELAY IN ANNOUNCING THE CABINET SHIFTS WAS PART OF
A DETAILED PLOT OF HIS WHICH HE HATCHED MONTHS AGO TO
USE THE OCCASION TO SACK NKOMO. THERE IS NO CONCRETE
EVIDENCE TO SUPPORT THIS, BUT THE ASSEMPTION ITSELF
INCREASES MUGABE’S REPUTATION AS A MASTER POLITICIAN.
KEELEY
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256449 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256876 Date: 09/24/2013
SECRET RELEASED IN
FULL
PAGE 01 STATE 338463
ORIGIN AF-00
INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 SSO-00 ONY-00 /001 R
DRAFTED BY AF/S:SMOATS:GHEE
APPROVED BY AF/FGWISNER
AF/S:EFUG IT
DESIRED DISTRIBUTION
AF ONLY
055400 150131Z/60
O 150121Z NOV 84
FM SECSTATE WASHDC
TO AMEMBASSY HARARE IMMEDIATE
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA IMMEDIATE
SECRET STATE 338463
FOR ASSISTANT SECRETARY CROCKER
E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR
TAGS: PREL, OTRA, ZI
SUBJECT: MEETING WITH MUGABE
1. S – ENTIRE TEXT.
2. YOU OVERFLEW ZIMBABWE ON YOUR LAST TWO TRIPS TO
SOUTHERN AFRICA FOR A REASON AND MUGABE SEEMS TO HAVE
TAKEN THE POINT. NOT ONLY DID HE ALLUDE TO THAT FACT
WHEN YOU SAW HIM IN NEW YORK LAST MONTH, BUT OTHERS, IN
THE GOZ AND ELSEWHERE, HAVE NOTICED THE FACT THAT YOU HAVE
NOT BEEN TO HARARE SINCE THE CLARK MISSION. (CHIEF
JUSTICE DUMBUTSHENA, FOR EXAMPLE, WHEN ASKED BY AF/S
GELBARD ABOUT HOW BILATERAL RELATIONS COULD BE IMPROVED
SPECIFICALLY CITED THE FACT THAT ZIMBABWE HAS BEEN
“EXCLUDED” FROM THE REGIONAL NEGOTIATIONS. OTHERS HAVE
BEEN EQUALLY BLUNT.) THEREFORE, THE VERY FACT YOU ARE
TRAVELLING TO HARARE THIS TIME WILL ALREADY HAVE MADE AN
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PAGE 02 STATE 338463
IMPORTANT POINT TO MUGABE AND THE GOZ. WE SUGGEST YOU
PLAY UP THE POINT, MENTIONING TO MUGABE YOUR “PROMISE”
THAT YOU WOULD DROP IN THE NEXT TIME YOU WERE IN THE
NEIGHBORHOOD.
3. BASICALLY, THERE ARE FOUR OBJECTIVES FOR YOUR
SESSION WITH MUGABE:
A) REGIONAL NEGOTIATIONS REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256876 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256876 Date: 09/24/2013
— BRIEF MUGABE ON THE REGIONAL NEGOTIATIONS AND, IF THE
SITUATION SEEMS APPROPRIATE, ENLIST HIS HELP IN
CORRALLING SWAPO. WE KNOW MUGABE IS SKEPTICAL OF THE
PROCESS–HIS ARUSHA SPEECH AND COMMENTS TO YOU CONFIRM
THAT–BUT YOU BROKE THE ICE IN NEW YORK BY TELLING HIM
SOMETHING NEW ON THE ANGOLAN FRONT AND HE WOULD PROBABLY
BE WILLING TO TALK WITH NUJOMA IF YOU ASKED HIM TO. OF
COURSE, ANY MESSAGE YOU SEND WOULD BE FILTERED BY
MUGABE’S OWN (SOMEWHAT LIMITED) PERSPECTIVE. ON THE
OTHER HAND, ANY MESSAGE THAT DOES GET THROUGH TO NUJOMA
WOULD HAVE CONSIDERABLE CREDIBILITY COMING FROM MUGABE,
HIMSELF.
— ON THE MOZAMBIQUE SIDE, ALTHOUGH YOU MADE SOME POINTS
TO HIM EARLIER (HE WAS EXTREMELY PLEASED, FOR EXAMPLE,
WITH THE INTRODUCTION OF A CIP PROGRAM FOR MAPUTO WHICH
ALLOWS FOR PURCHASES IN ZIMBABWE), MUGABE IS STILL
CONVINCED THAT ZIMBABWE’S INTERESTS HAVE NOT BEEN SERVED
BY NKOMATI AND SUSPICIOUS THAT THIS IS ALL PART OF A SAG
PLOT TO MANEUVER ZIMBABWE INTO LINE. YOU SHOULD BE
FAIRLY CANDID WITH HIM ON OUR VIEW OF THE FRELIMO-RENAMO
TALKS.
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B) GOZ-SAG RELATIONS
AMB. MILLER HAS ALREADY BEGUN FOLLOWING UP (WITH
MNANGAGWA) ON THE EVIDENCE OF SOUTH AFRICAN ANTICS PRIOR
TO HIS CONVERSATION LATER IN THE MONTH WITH PIK BOTHA.
MUGABE MAY NOT HAVE MUCH TO ADD, BUT YOU SHOULD
REITERATE THE EMPHASIS WE PLACE ON A MUTUALLY SUCCESSFUL
RELATIONSHIP ACROSS THE LIMPOPO AND OUR WILLINGNESS TO
HELP ENSURE THAT IT CONTINUES.
C) INTERNAL PROBLEMS
— LAY DOWN SOME MARKERS ON THE INTERNAL FRONT. SINCE
YOUR LAST MEETING, WE HAVE SEEN A NUMBER OF DISTURBING
SIGNS ABOUT THE FUTURE OF DEMOCRACY AND RELATIVELY FREE
SOCIETY IN ZIMBABWE. SECURITY RELATED DETENTIONS
CONTINUE AND WITH THE RAINY SEASON APPROACHING THE
POSSIBILITY IS STRONG THAT MUGABE MAY AGAIN ORDER THE
MILITARY (FIFTH BRIGADE) BACK INTO MATABELELAND IN A
COUNTER-DISSIDENT INITIATIVE WITH PREDICTABLE EXCESSES
AND INTERNATIONAL PUBLICITY. MORE IMMEDIATELY, WE HAVE
HEARD REPORTS OF INCREASING INTIMIDATION BY ZANU YOUTH
AGAINST ANYONE NOT KNOWN TO BE A LOYAL ZANU MEMBER.
INTER-PARTY VIOLENCE HAS FLARED AGAIN, FOLLOWING THE
ASSASSINATION OF SEN. NDLOVU, THE MOST SENIOR ZANU
LEADER KILLED TO DATE AND THE RIOTING IN BEITBRIDGE LEFT
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256876 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256876 Date: 09/24/2013
SCORES DEAD AND MUCH ZAPU PROPERTY DESTROYED. WE HAVE
ALSO HEARD OF BLATANT ELECTORAL INTIMIDATION, ESPECIALLY
IN THE RURAL AREAS OF THE MIDLANDS AND MATABELELAND. AS
IF THIS WERE NOT BAD ENOUGH, MUGABE HAS JUST ELIMINATED
THE LAST VESTAGE OF THE GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL
RECONCILIATION BY CANNING HIS TWO ZAPU MINISTERS IN
RETALIATION FOR THE NDLOVU KILLING. MOST SIGNIFICANT
HERE IS THE FACT THAT WE KNOW (FROM SEVERAL SOURCES)
THAT ONE OF THE DEPOSED MINISTERS, CEPHES MSIPA, ONLY
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LAST WEEK RAISED THE PROBLEM OF ZANU CADRE VIOLENCE AND
INTIMIDATION AT THE CABINET MEETING. ALTHOUGH THE TONE
OF THAT MEETING WAS NOT REASSURING — E.G. CHARGES OF
DISLOYALTY, ENDS JUSTIFYING THE MEANS, ETC. — MUGABE
HAD ENDED THE MEETING WITH ANOTHER CALL FOR THE END TO
ALL INTER-PARTY VIOLENCE. A WEEK LATER, THE BEARER OF
BAD TIDINGS LOSES HIS JOB.
— ALTHOUGH MUGABE IS NOTORIOUSLY SENSITIVE TO SUCH
“MEDDLING” IN HIS INTERNAL AFFAIRS, YOU SHOULD LOOK FOR
A WAY TO LAY DOWN A FEW MARKERS ON THE INTERNAL SECURITY
AGENDA. YOU MIGHT APPROACH THE MATTER BY NOTING THAT
CONTINUED AID, SYMPATHY, AND SUPPORT FOR ZIMBABWE IN THE
U.S. DEPENDS ON THE PERCEPTION THAT THE COUNTRY, DESPITE
ITS MANY PROBLEMS, HAS NOT ABANDONED THE PRINCIPLES ITS
PEOPLE FOUGHT FOR AND AGREED TO IN ACHIEVING ITS
INDEPENDENCE. WE DEPLORE VIOLENCE FROM WHATEVER QUARTER
AND CERTAINLY HAVE NO SYMPATHY WITH ASSASSINS OR
BANDITS, BUT FROM OUR VANTAGE POINT, SOLUTIONS COME FROM
POLITICAL DECISIONS TAKEN AT GOVERNMENT LEVEL, NOT BY
RANDOM VIOLENCE, WHICH ONLY EXACERBATES THE UNDERLYING
PROBLEMS.
— AN IMPORTANT POINT IS THE NEED FOR THE UPCOMING
ELECTIONS TO BE, AND TO BE SEEN TO BE FREE, AND FAIR.
WE HAVE ALREADY BEGUN SENDING THIS SIGNAL BACK TO THE
GOZ THROUGH VISITORS AND OTHERS, BUT MUGABE SHOULD BE
REMINDED THAT HIS OWN LEGITIMACY IN INTERNATIONAL EYES
STEMS FROM HIS OVERWHELMING VICTORY IN A FREE AND FAIR
ELECTION AND THAT ANY COMPROMISE OF THAT LEGITIMACY —
THROUGH UNNECESSARY TAMPERING OR INTIMIDATION AT THE
POLLS — WOULD ONLY DETRACT SUBSTANTIALLY FROM THE
GOODWILL AND STATUS ZIMBABWE ENJOYS. AN ELECTION IN
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1985 FRAUGHT WITH CHARGES THAT THE OPPOSITION HAD NOT
BEEN FREE TO MAKE ITS CASE, WOULD DO ZIMBABWE HARM IN
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256876 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256876 Date: 09/24/2013
THE U.S. AND AROUND THE WORLD.
D) BILATERAL ISSUES
— YOU SHOULD ALSO EMPHASIZE SEVERAL ISSUES AFFECTING
OUR BILATERAL RELATIONS. IN YOUR LAST MEETING, YOU
RAISED WITH MUGABE THE PROBLEMS OUR EMBASSY WAS HAVING
WITH MFA ON THE PERSONNEL FRONT. SINCE THEN, THE
SITUATION HAS IMPROVED CONSIDERABLY, BUT IS NOT YET
SETTLED TO OUR SATISFACTION. MOST, BUT NOT ALL, OF OUR
PEOPLE HAVE NOW RECEIVED THEIR DIPLOMATIC ID’S. AMB.
MILLER CAN BRIEF YOU ON WHERE WE STAND IN MEETING THE
GOZ STAFFING LIMITATIONS. YOU SHOULD THANK MUGABE FOR
THE SPECIFIC PROGRESS, BUT REQUEST HIS HELP ON ANY
PROBLEMS STILL OUTSTANDING. IF TIME ALLOWS (AND IF AMB.
MILLER AGREES IT WOULD BE APPROPRIATE), YOU MIGHT BRIEF
MUGABE ON OUR AID PLANS FOR FY-86. WE EXPECT TO BE ABLE
TO PROVIDE 28 MILLION DOLLARS IN ESF FUNDS NEXT YEAR
(DOWN FROM THE 30 MILLION DOLLARS REQUESTED, AS ZIMBABWE
HAD TO TAKE ITS SHARE OF THE OVERALL CUT. YOU SHOULD
NOTE, HOWEVER, THAT THIS HAD LITTLE OR NO POLITICAL
CAUSE: KENYA, FOR EXAMPLE, LOST TEN TIMES THAT AMOUNT.)
WE PLAN TO CONTINUE THE PROGRAMS WE AND THE GOZ HAVE
STARTED, INCLUDING THE CIP.
— TWO OTHER POINTS MIGHT BE WORTH MENTIONING. ZIMBABWE
STEPS DOWN FROM THE SECURITY COUNCIL IN A MONTH’S TIME
AND THEREBY OUT OF THE UN LIMELIGHT. NEVERTHELESS,
COOPERATION, OR AT LEAST AVOIDING NEEDLESS OPPOSITION,
IS STILL MOST IMPORTANT TO US. YOU SHOULD EXPRESS OUR
CONTINUED DESIRE FOR DIALOGUE AND CONSULTATION AND OUR
APPRECIATION OF SOME PROGRESS ON THIS FRONT. FOR
EXAMPLE, ON THE QUESTION OF ISRAEL’S CREDENTIALS,
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ZIMBABWE VOTED “NOT PRESENT”; NOT AS GOOD AS SUPPORT FOR
US, BUT AS NEUTRAL A POSITION AS WE COULD HOPE TO GET.
DEPENDING ON HOW THE CONVERSATION FLOWS ON THE INTERNAL
SECURITY SITUATION, YOU MIGHT ALSO WANT TO THROW IN THE
IDEA OF SOME U.S. PRESENCE IN MATABELELAND. HOWEVER,
YOU WILL WANT TO DISCUSS THIS “MATABELELAND INITIATIVE”
WITH AMB. MILLER BEFORE THE MEETING.
4. THE BEST WE COULD HOPE FOR IN THIS SESSION WITH
MUGABE IS NOT TO DISPELL HIS ABIDING SUSPICION OF AND
OPPOSITION TO THE SAG, BUT TO BRING HIM INTO THE LOOP OF
THE REGIONAL NEGOTIATIONS. CONTRARY TO OUR EXPECTION IN
1980/81, ZIMBABWE HAS REMAINED A PERIPHERAL PLAYER ON
THE REGIONAL SCENE. IT MAY BE TO OUR ADVANTAGE NOW, BY
SOME HANDHOLDING AND PERSUASION, TO GET MUGABE SOMEWHAT
MORE INVOLVED AS WE APPROACH THE CRUNCH. HE HAS THE
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256876 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256876 Date: 09/24/2013
CAPACITY EITHER TO BE HELPFUL WITH SWAPO AND IN THE U.N.
CONTEXT, OR TO LET HIS INNATE SUSPICIONS DEGENERATE INTO
SUPPORTING BLOCKING EFFORTS. THE TIME MAY BE RIGHT FOR
MOVING HIM A BIT TOWARD THE FORMER. EVEN IF IT ISN’T,
HOWEVER, YOUR TAKING THE TIME TO SEE MUGABE IN HARARE
SHOULD HAVE A PAY-OFF IN ITSELF, IMPROVING MILLER’S
ACCESS AND GIVING MUGABE ANOTHER DOSE OF THE REAL
WORLD.
SHULTZ
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256876 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256842 Date: 09/24/2013
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ACTION SS-25
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324374 271506Z /50
P 271401Z JUL 84
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4723
RELEASED IN FULL
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 04303
EXDIS
E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR
TAGS: PREL, ZI, US
SUBJECT: MEETING WITH THE PRIME MINISTER
1. C – ENTIRE TEXT.
DECAPTIONED
2. SUMMARY: AT LONG LAST, I HAD MY INITIAL MEETING
WITH PRIME MINISTER MUGABE ON JULY 26. SESSION, WHICH
LASTED 75 MINUTES, BEGAN RATHER FORMALLY BUT WARMED UP
AS WE WENT ALONG ALMOST REACHING THE ANIMATION OF A
MILLER-NYERERE CONVERSATION. A GOOD BEGINNING; I’M
PLEASED. END SUMMARY.
3. AFTER OPENING PLEASANTRIES COVERING MY TRAVELS IN
ZIMBABWE, MUGABE REVIEWED U.S.-ZIMBABWE RELATIONS FROM
KISSINGER/GENEVA THROUGH LANCASTER HOUSE TO THE PRESENT.
WHAT HE SAID WAS PREVIOUSLY WELL-COVERED TURF–HEAVY ON
PRAISE FOR OUR ROLE IN BRINGING ZIMBABWE TO INDEPENDENCE.
AS IS HIS WANT, HE PREEMPTED ON THE KAL AND GRENADA
VOTES, ACKNOWLEDGING THAT THE GOZ POSITION HAD PLACED
ZIMBABWE IN BAD ODOR IN THE U.S. AND THAT IN TURN HAD
LED TO THE AID CUTS. ON THE KAL AFFAIR HE EXPLAINED
THAT THE SOVIET CONDUCT HAD BEEN “ABHORRENT,” BUT OUR
“STYLE” AND PRESSURE HAD GOTTEN HIS BACK UP. (HE
REFERRED TO THE E-W FOCUS AND THE HEAVY LOBBYING BY
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MANY PEOPLE. ON THE AID CUT HE WAS QUIETLY PHILOSOPHICAL,
NOTING ZIMBABWE HAS EXPECTATIONS BUT NO RIGHT TO ASSISTANCE FROM THE U.S. CONCLUDING ON BILATERAL RELATIONS,
MUGABE STRESSED HIS HOPE THAT OUR RELATIONS ARE ON THE
MEND AFTER LAST YEAR’S STRAINS.
4. STILL HOLDING THE FLOOR, MUGABE TURNED TO THE
REGION AND PROCEEDED IN RITUAL FASHION TO EXPRESS HIS
CONCERNS ABOUT “CONSTRUCTIVE ENGAGEMENT,” AND TALK ABOUT
THE IMMORALITY OF “LINKAGE.” (COMMENT: NOTHING NEW.)
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256842 Date: 09/24/2013
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ENOUGH BEING ENOUGH, I ASKED FOR “EQUAL TIME.” MUGABE
GRINNED, SAID OK, AND A WARM, FRANK DIALOGUE FOLLOWED.
5. DRAWING ON STATE 207616, I MADE THE CASE FOR THE
REASONABLENESS OF OUR POSITION, AND THE PROGRESS TOWARD
NAMIBIAN INDEPENDENCE OVER THE PAST YEAR. I ALSO REVIEWED
THE BENEFITS THAT HAVE BEGUN TO FLOW FROM CONSTRUCTIVE
ENGAGEMENT. MUGABE LISTENED INTENTLY, AND DIDN’T
CHALLENGE ME ON A SINGLE POINT. (COMMENT: FRANKLY,
MUGABE DOES NOT SEEM TO BE “UP” ON THE DETAILS OF
SOUTHERN AFRICAN NEGOTIATIONS NOR DOES HE APPEAR TO
WANT TO BECOME ENGAGED IN THE PROCESS.)
6. WE THEN TURNED TO THE TOPIC OF ZIMBABWE’S RELATIONS
WITH SOUTH AFRICA, COVERING SUPPORT OF DISSIDENTS,
OBSTRUCTION OF RAIL LINES, AND BROADCASTS BY RADIO TRUTH.
I REVIEWED CANDIDLY FOR HIM OUR DISCUSSIONS IN WASHINGTON
INDICATING THAT WE FELT THAT ZIMBABWE AND SOUTH AFRICA
ENJOYED EXCELLENT COMMUNICATIONS AND THAT WE HAD NO
DESIRE TO GET IN THE MIDDLE UNLESS WE WERE REQUESTED TO.
MUGABE RESPONDED, AND REPEATED SEVERAL TIMES SUBSEQUENTLY
IN THE CONVERSATION, THAT HE WANTS US TO PUT DOWN SOME
MARKERS WITH THE SOUTH AFRICANS CONCERNING THE TRANSPORT
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SYSTEM, SUPPORT FOR ANY MORE DISSIDENTS, AND THE BROADCASTS BY RADIO TRUTH. HE WASN’T SPECIFIC, AND HE
CLEARLY UNDERSTANDS THAT OUR LEVERAGE WITH THE SAG IS
LIMITED. THE WAY HE PUT IT WAS IN INTERESTING CONTRAST
TO NYERERE’S VIEWS ON OUR INFLUENCE—“I BELIEVE THEY
(THE SAG) TEND TO LISTEN TO YOU MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE.”
7. THE CONVERSATION THEN NATURALLY TURNED TO THE
SITUATION IN MATABELELAND. I REVIEWED FOR HIM OUR
CONCERN THAT MATABELELAND IS SLOWLY BECOMING A PERMANENT
SORE. WE REVIEWED THE POOR STATE OF THE ECONOMY, THE
POOR PERFORMANCE OF THE MILITARY, THE DISSIDENTS, THE
MORALE OF THE WHITES, ETC. HE IS CLEARLY AS CONCERNED
AS WE ARE AND IS GROPING FOR SOLUTIONS. WE AGREED TO
STAY IN TOUCH ON THIS SUBJECT THROUGH MINISTER OF STATE
MNANGAGWA.
8. I RAISED THE QUESTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN MATABELELAND
AS A SEPARATE SUBJECT. THE PRIME MINISTER ACKNOWLEDGED
THE PROBLEM, BUT ASKED “WHAT AM I SUPPOSED TO DO?”
HE CONTINUED THAT HE WAS FACED WITH DEALING WITH A
NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO DESIRED TO OVERTHROW HIS GOVERNMENT
BY VIOLENCE. HE INDICATED THAT AS FAR AS HE WAS CONCERNED, THERE WERE MANY PEOPLE WALKING THE STREETS,
INCLUDING JOSHUA NKOMO, WHO, ON THE BASIS OF INTELLIGENCE
INFORMATION, SHOULD BE LOCKED UP. IN GENERAL, HE
RECOGNIZED OUR CONCERN AND THE SEVERE IMAGE PROBLEM THAT
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256842 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256842 Date: 09/24/2013
ABUSE OF HUMAN RIGHTS WAS GIVING ZIMBABWE, BUT HE GAVE A
SPIRITED DEFENSE OF HIS ACTIONS AS BEING THE ONLY ONES
LEFT OPEN TO HIM.
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TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4724
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 04303
EXDIS
E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR
TAGS: PREL, ZI, US
SUBJECT: MEETING WITH THE PRIME MINISTER
9. WE THEN MOVED ON TO THE SUBJECT OF HIS MARXISTSOCIALIST RHETORIC. I INDICATED THAT IT WAS VIRTUALLY
IMPOSSIBLE FOR ME TO ATTRACT INVESTMENT TO ZIMBABWE
IF HE CONTINUED TO GIVE, WHAT SEEMED TO ME, HIS MONTHLY
MARXIST SPEECH. HE RESPONDED THAT SO FAR AS HE COULD
SEE HE MUST BE THE WORLD’S MOST CAUTIOUS SOCIALIST.
HE REVIEWED THE VERY PRAGMATIC ECONOMIC POLICIES
OF THE LAST FOUR YEARS, POINTING OUT THAT HE HAD EVEN
REFUSED TO PARTICIPATE IN PRIVATE VENTURES WHICH HAD BEEN
OFFERED, CITING UNION CARBIDE AS AN EXAMPLE. HE DID
GIVE A MUCH MORE COGENT EXPLANATION THAT I EVER HAD FROM
NYERERE OF PEASANT ECONOMIC LIFE, ENUMERATING THOSE
ACTIVITIES WHICH HAD A TRADITIONALLY INDIVIDUALISTIC
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256842 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256842 Date: 09/24/2013
NATURE AND THEN THOSE THAT HAD BEEN COMMUNAL.
10. WE THEN COVERED THE QUESTION OF ACCESS WITH MY
EMPHASIZING THAT I COULD NOT DO MY JOB ADEQUATELY,
IN PARTICULAR THAT WHICH INVOLVED EXPLAINING ZIMBABWE’S
ACTIONS IN WASHINGTON UNLESS WE MET ON SOME REGULAR
BASIS. WHILE I GOT NO COMMITMENT TO A SERIES OF MONDAY
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PAGE 02 HARARE 04303 02 OF 02 271422Z
MORNING MEETINGS, I DID GET THE SENSE THAT HE TOOK THE
POINT AND WILL PRODUCE SOME SATISFACTION.
11. COMMENT. EVEN THE FOREIGN MINISTRY NOTE-TAKER,
ANDREW MTETWA, SEEMED EXTREMELY PLEASED WITH THE MEETING.
THE PRIME MINISTED HAD WAITED UNTIL WE WOULD HAVE AT
LEAST AN HOUR BEFORE SCHEDULING OUR MEETING, AND THEN
WE RAN OVER BY FIFTEEN MINUTES. HAD HE NOT BEEN FACED
WITH THE OPENING OF THE BUDGET DEBATE IN PARLIAMENT,
MY GUESS IS THAT WE WOULD HAVE GONE ON FOR ANOTHER 45
MINUTES ON A RANGE OF SUBSTANTIVE INTERESTS. WHILE AN
INITIAL MEETING HARDLY GIVES ONE ENOUGH OF A FEELING
TO FORECAST A SUCCESSFUL TOUR, MY SENSE IS THAT WE WILL
GET ALONG QUITE WELL AND, AS WITH NYERERE, WHEN WE
DISAGREE WE WILL DO SO IN A PLEASANT AND CIVILIZED
MANNER. MILLER
CONFIDENTIAL
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256842 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256842 Date: 09/24/2013
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256842 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256615 Date: 09/24/2013
RELEASED IN FULL
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PAGE 01 STATE 068980
ORIGIN AF-10
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DRAFTED BY AF/S:JSEGARS,JEH
APPROVED BY AF/S:DHSIMPSON
AF/P:MVVYGANT (INFO)
042703 122306Z /60
O 122208Z MAR 83
FM SECSTATE WASHDC
TO XAMEMBASSY HARARE 9426 IMMEDIATE
UNCLAS STATE 068980
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: SCOM, PREL, ZI
SUBJECT: PRESS ACCOUNT OF MUGABE NEW DELHI INTERVIEW
FOLLOWING IS FULL TEXT OF MARCH 12 “WASHINGTON POST”
ARTICLE ON MUGABE NEW DELHI PRESS INTERVIEW. ARTICLE
BEING TRANSMITTED VIA THIS CHANNEL SO THAT YOU MAY
HAVE BY YOUR 00B MARCH 14:
“NKOMO CAN COME HOME SAFELY, MUGABE DECLARES
“BY WILLIAM CLAIBORNE, ‘WASHINGTON POST’ FOREIGN SERVICE
“NEW DELHI, MARCH 11
“ZIMBABWE PRIME MINISTER ROBERT MUGABE DENIED TODAY
THAT HE HAD ORDERED OPPOSITION LEADER JOSHUA NKOMO
KILLED, AND SAID VKOMO IS ‘WELCOME’ TO RETURN FROM
EXILE ANY TIME TO HIS HOME WHERE HE CAN LIVE IN SAFETY.
“‘I ASSURE YOU THAT I’M NO ASSASSIN. WHAT WILL I GAIN BY
HAVING HIM KILLED? IF ANYTHING, IT WOULD MAKE HIM MORE OF
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UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 02 STATE 068980
A MARTYR THAN HE ALREADY IS,’ MUGABE SAID.
“MUGABE SAID HE WAS AWARE OF REPORTS THAT NKOMO,S WIFE
AND CHILDREN HAD BEEN ARRESTED AFTER THE OPPOSITION LEADER
FLED TO BOTSWANA TUESDAY, BUT THAT HE HAD NO DETAILS OF
WHAT PROMOTED THE ARRESTS.
“‘I BELIVE THAT THOSE WHO ARRESTED HER AND SOME MEMBERS
OF THE FAMILY HAD REASONS. I ASSURE YOU, NO ONE WILL
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256615 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256615 Date: 09/24/2013
BE ARRESTED WITHOUT REASONS,’ MUGABE SAID AT A PRESS
CONFERENCE DURING THE NONALIGNED NATIONS SUMMIT HERE.
“(IN HARARE, THE ZIMBABWE CAPITAL, HOME AFFAIRS MINISTER
HERBERT USHEWOKUNZE SAID MRS. NKOMO HAD BEEN FREED THURSDAY ‘ON HUMANITARIAN GROUNDS.’ NKMOMO’S SON, DAUGHTER
AND SON-IN-LAW WERE STILL BEING HELD, HE SAID.
“(INFORMATION MINISTER NATHAN SHAMUYARIRA SAID ZIMBABWE
WAS ‘TAKING UP THE QUESTION OF JOSHUA NKOMO’S ENTRY AND
STAY IN BOTSWANA AND THE ISSUE OF CROSS-BORDER VIOLATIONS
GENERALLY WITH THE BOTSWANA GOVERNMENT THROUGH NORMAL
DIPLOMATIC CHANNELS,’ ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORTED.)
“MUGABE SAID HIS INFORMATION WAS THAT NKOMO, WHOM MUGABE
REMOVED FROM THE CABINET IN FEBRUARY 1982 AND ACCUSED OF
PLOTTING A COUP, HAD LEFT ZIMBABWE ‘TEMPORARILY DURING
WHICH TIME HE HOPES TO WORK ON WHAT HE CALLS WAYS TO
RESOLVE THE PROBLEMS OF OUR COUNTRY.’ HE ADDED, ‘I
HAVEN’T CAUSED HIM TO FLEE. HE IS WELCOMED BACK HOME.’
“BEFORE CROSSING INTO BOTSWANA, NKOMO SAID AT AN ERLY
MORNING CLANDESTINE PRESS CONFERENCE SUNDAY THAT TROOPS
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PAGE 03 STATE 068980
SENT BY MUGABE TO SEARCH HIS HOME IN BULAWAYO WOULD
HAVE KILLED HIM IF HE HAD BEEN THERE. NKOMO’S CHAUFFER
WAS SHOT AND KILLED IN THE ENCOUNTER. TODAY’S DENIAL WAS
MUGABE’S FIRST STATEMENT SINCE NKOMO FLED THE COUNTRY.
“NKOMO WAS PLACED UNDER VIRTUAL HOUSE ARREST LAST WEEK IN
HIS NATIVE MATABELELAND PROVINCE IN WESTERN ZIMBABWE AFTER
ACCUSING MUGABE’S TROOPS OF KILLING SCORES OF CIVILIANS
IN THE PROVINCE. LAST MONTH, NKOMO WAS ARRESTED BRIEFLY
AS HE WAS ABOUT TO BOARD A PLANE TO SOUTH AFRICA.
“MUGABE ACCUSED NKOMO OF BEING IN ‘COLLUSION’ WITH SOUTH
AFRICA TO DESTABILIZE ZIMBABWE BY FORMING A ‘MATABELELAND BRIGADE’ TO STIR UP DISSIDENTS AMONG NKOMO’S FELLOW
NDEBELE TRIBESMEN IN THE PROVINCE. MUGABE, WHO IS FROM
THE DOMINANT SHONA TRIBE, SENT THE NORTH KOREAN-TRAINED
5TH BIGADE TO MATABELELAND IN JANUARY TO CRUSH THE DISSIDENT MOVEMENT, AND CHURCH AND RELIEF OFFICIALS HAVE
ESTIMATED THAT MORE THAN 1,000 CIVILIANS HAVE BEEN KILLED
IN THE CAMPAIGN.
WHEN ASKED IF NKOMO HAD BETRAYED ZIMBABWE, MUGABE SAID
THAT NKOMO WANTED TO LEAVE THE COUNTRY TO MEET WITH SOUTH
AFRICAN OFFICIALS AND THAT DISSIDENTS HAVE ALSO BEEN GOING
TO SOUTH AFRICA FOR GUERRILLA TRAINING. ‘SO WE ACCUSED
HIM OF COLLUSION WITH SOUTH AFRICA.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256615 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256615 Date: 09/24/2013
“ASKED IF HE WOULD STICK TO HIS INSISTENCE ON ONE-PARTY
RULE IN ZIMBABWE, MUGABE SAID, ‘YES, YES, YES. THREE
YESES, ON THE BASIS OF ASKING THE PEOPLE IF THEY AGREE
WITH US ON ESTABLISHING DEMOCRATIC ONE-PARTY RULE, AND I’M
SURE THE ANSWER WILL BE YES.
“HE SAID A ONE-PARTY STATE IS NOT NECESSARILY A DICTATORSHIP BECAUSE A MULTI-PARTY STATE CAN BE DICTATORIAL,’ HE
UNCLASSIFIED
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PAGE 04 STATE 068980
SAID THE ONE-PARTY SYSTEM WOULD BE AS ACCOMMODATING AS –
POSSIBLE,’ AND THAT HE WOULD ATTEMPT TO INCLUDE ELEMENTS
FROM OTHER PARTIES IN THE SINGLE PARTY.” – –
SHULTZ
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256615 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256615 Date: 09/24/2013
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256615 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256732 Date: 09/24/2013
CONFIDENTIAL RELEASED IN FULL
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TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 2047
INFO DIA WASHDC
USIA WASHDC 2141
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 07472
E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR
TAGS: PINS, PGOV, ZI, SHUM
SUBJECT: MUGABE ON FIVE BRIGADE ACTIVITIES
REF: HARARE 7216
1. (U) THE FOLLOWING ARE EXCERPTS OF AN ARTICLE
ENTITLED “FIVE BRIGADE WINNING THE PEOPLE OVER–PM”
THAT APPEARED ON THE FRONT PAGE OF THE HERALD ON
NOVEMBER 21.
— THE GOVERNMENT BELIEVES THAT WESTERN OBSERVERS
HAVE EXAGGERATED THE ALLEGED ATROCITIES ON CIVILIANS
BY FIVE BRIGADE DURING OPERATIONS AGAINST DISSIDENTS
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PAGE 02 HARARE 07472 01 OF 02 221322Z
IN SOME PARTS OF MATABELELAND, THE PRIME MINISTER,
CDE MUGABE, HAS SAID.
— IN AN INTERVIEW WITH AQUINO BRAGANZA, DIRECTOR
OF THE CENTRE OF AFRICAN STUDIES AT MAPUTO’S EDUARDO
MONDLANE UNIVERSITY, AND ALVES GOMES OF TEMPO MAGAZINE,
PUBLISHED ON FRIDAY, CDE MUGABE SAID THE BRIGADE HAD
BEEN CRITICISED FOR BEING RUTHLESS AND FOR HAVING
VIOLATED HUMAN RIGHTS.
— “OF COURSE WE HAVE ESTABLISHED A COMMITTEE WHICH
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256732 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256732 Date: 09/24/2013
IS INQUIRING INTO ALLEGED ATROCITIES. BUT WE BELIEVE
THERE IS A LOT OF EXAGGERATION.”
— SINCE ITS DEPLOYMENT INTO MATABELELAND, THE
BRIGADE HAS BECOME “SO FRIENDLY WITH THE PEOPLE AND
THE PEOPLE SO FRIENDLY WITH THE BRIGADE THAT WHEN WE
WITHDREW THEM THE PEOPLE WANTED THEM BACK BECAUSE THE
DISSIDENTS STARTED OPERATING AGAIN. AND WESHAD TO
REDEPLOY THE BRIGADE IN THAT PA QICULAR AREA.”
— “SO WHEN WE DEPLOYED THEM IN PARTS OF MATABELELAND
NORTH, THEIR APPROACH WAS NOT JUST TO USE THE GUN.
IT WAS ALSO POLITICAL AS WAS THEIR APPROACH DURING
THE WAR. YOU DON’T JUST ACT AGAINST THE DISSIDENTS.
YOU ALSO ACT WITH THE POPULATION SO THAT THEY CAN
SUPPORT THE GOVERNMENT.”
CDE MUGABE SAID THE RECENT LOCAL GOVERNMENT
ELECTION VICTORIES BY ZANU (PF) IN MATABELELAND
DESTROYED THE MYTH THAT THER WERE TWO ETHNICALLY
BASED PARTIES IN MATABELELAND.
— ON THE FUTURE OF MINORTIY PARTIES IN ZIMBABWE,
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PAGE 03 HARARE 07472 01 OF 02 221322Z
CDE MUGABE SAID: “AS WE BEGAN WE WERE COMMITTED TO
A ONE-PARTY STATE, BUT WE RECOGNISED THAT THE FIRST
YEARS HAD TO BE YEARS OF TOGETHERNESS IN CONSOLIDATING
OUR INDEPENDENCE AND THAT WE HAD TO ACCEPT THE
CONSTITUTION WHICH CAME OUT OF LANCASTER HOUSE.
WE ACCOMMODATED EVEN THE ANTI-DEMOCRATIC FORCES OF
IAN SMITH AND MUZOREWA.” SINCE INDEPENDENCE MANY
PARTIES WHO FOUGHT THE ELECTIONS HAD BECOME EXTINCT.
“WE DON’T BAN THEM. THE SUPPORT THE PEOPLE HAVE
GIVEN TO ZANU (PF) HAS FORCED THEM TO WIPE THEMSELVES
OUT. SOWE HAD TO ENSURE A BASE OF NATIONAL UNITY
WITH ALL THE FORCES THAT AGREED WITH US THAT
INDEPENDENCE MUST BE SAFEGUARDED.”
— “HAVING DONE THAT, WE MUST PROCEED A STEP
FURTHER AND ORGANIZE OUR PARTY AND MASS ORGANIZATIONS
AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE. WE MUST HAVE VIABLE PARTY
STRUCTURES THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY–PROVINCE BY PROVINCE,
DISTRICT BY DISTRICT AND VILLAGE BY VILLAGE. AND THIS
IS WHAT WE ARE DOING.”
2. (C) COMMENT: MUGABE’S COMMENTS IN NO WAY JIBE
WITH WHAT WE’VE HEARD ELSEWHERE. A VARIETY OF WELLPLACED SOURCES HAVE INFORMED EMBOFFS THAT THE
REDEPLOYMENT OF 5 BRIGADE STEMS PRIMARILY FROM THE
LACK OF SUCCESS IT HAS HAD IN SUPPRESSING LOCAL
SUPPORT FOR THE DISSIDENTS. MOREOVER, WE CONTINUE
TO HEAR REPORTS THAT TROOPS OF 5 BRIGADE ARE
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256732 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256732 Date: 09/24/2013
COMMITTING ATROCITIES AGAINST THE NDEBELE AND
SUSPECT THAT THE GOVERNMENTS DECISION TO BAN ALL
OF MATABELELAND AND PART OF MIDLANDS FROM PRESS
COVERAGE (REF) STEMS FROM MUGABE’S CONCERN OVER
FURTHER WESTERN CRITICISM OF 5 BRIGADE TACTICS.
FINALLY, WE BELIEVE MANY OF THE LOCAL ELECTIONS IN
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INFO DIA WASHDC
USIA WASHDC 2142
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMDHBASSY MAPUTO 1954
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 07472
E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR
TAGS: PINS, PGOV, ZI, SHUM
SUBJECT: MUGABE ON FIVE BRIGADE ACTIVITIES
MATABELELAND HAVE BEEN HELD QQDER QUESTFZZNABLE
CIRCUMSTANCES AND THAT MOST NDEBELE REMAIN LOYAL TO
ZAZAPU. END COMMENT. KEELEY
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256732 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256732 Date: 09/24/2013
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256732 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05257013 Date: 09/24/2013
RELEASED IN FULL
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AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 03735
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
E.0.12356: DECL:OADR
TAGS: PGOV, ZI
SUBJECT: MUGABE REPLIES TO QUESTIONS IN PARLIAMENT
1. (U) SUMMARY. DURING THE PRIME MINISTER’S QUESTION
TIME IN PARLIAMENT JULY 8, MUGABE CHARGED THAT NDABANINGI
SITHOLE WAS USING THE FACILITIES OF THE HERITAGE FOUNDATION TO OVERTHROW THE GOZ. MUGABE ALSO ALLUDED TO
LINKAGE BETWEEN ZAPU AND ARMED DISSIDENTS IN MATABELELAND. ON ECONOMIC SUBJECTS, THE PM LECTURED ON THE EVILS
OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT AND ON THE VIRTUES OF SOCIALISM.
END SUMMARY.
2. (U) HIGHLIGHTS OF MUGABE’S ANSWERS TO PARLIAMENTARY
QUESTIONS ARE NOTED BELOW:
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THE SITHOLE/RENAMO THREAT
3. (U) MUGABE WAS ASKED IF ZANU-S, REPRESENTED IN
PARLIAMENT BY A SINGLE MP, SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO CONTINUE
“OPERATING ILLEGALLY” IN ZIMBABWE IN VIEW OF RECENT
REPORTS OF RENAMO/ZANU-S COLLABORATION. MUGABE SAID IT
WAS UP TO THE SINGLE ZANU-S MEMBER TO “MAKE UP HIS MIND
WHICH WAY HE WANTS TO GO.” THE PM CHARGED, HOWEVER, THAT
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05257013 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05257013 Date: 09/24/2013
NDABANINGI SITHOLE “IS ORGANIZING A MILITARY CAMPAIGN TO
OVERTHROW THIS GOVERNMENT AND IS DOING IT OVERTLY, NOT
COVERTLY, USING THE FACILITIES OF THE HERITAGE FOUNDATION
AND OTHER PERSONS AND FACILITIES IN SOUTH AFRICA.”
MUGABE SAID THE GOVERNMENT HAS NOT BANNED SITHOLE’S
MINUSCULE PARTY IN ZIMBABWE BUT THAT ZANU-S WAS NEVERTHELESS “ILLEGAL BY WAY OF ITS PRACTICES.”
ZAPU AND DISSIDENTS
4. (U) MUGABE DENIED THAT THERE WAS A NECESSARY
CONNECTION BETWEEN THE BREAKDOWN OF ZANU-ZAPU UNITY TALKS
AND AN ALLEGED UPSURGE OF DISSIDENT ACTIVITY IN MATABELELAND. INSTEAD, HE SAW A LINKAGE BETWEEN LOCAL ELECTIONS
IN MATABELELAND AND INCREASED VIOLENCE, “A CAMPAIGN TO
HARASS THOSE WHO DID NOT BELONG TO ZAPU IN THOSE
PARTICULAR AREAS, IN SOME CASES TO ACTUALLY ELIMINATE
INDIVIDUALS, PERHAPS THOSE WHO HAVE DECLARED THEMSELVES
ZANU WHEN FORMERLY THEY WERE ZAPU.” THE GOZ, SAID
MUGABE, IS “VERY UNHAPPY ABOUT THIS LINKAGE BETWEEN LOCAL
GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS AND THE CAMPAIGN OF HARASSMENT AND
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PAGE 03 HARARE 03735 01 OF 02 101401Z
BANDITRY IN PARTICULAR AREAS WHICH TEND TO SUGGEST THAT
ZAPU HAS A LOT TO DO WITH IT.” AS A RESULT, THE MINISTER
OF HOME AFFAIRS HAD FOUND IT NECESSARY TO RULE THAT SOME
ELECTIONS (NB: ZAPU VICTORIES) WOULD NOT BE RECOGNIZED.
THIRD WORLD DEBT
5. (LOU) IN RESPONSE TO A QUESTION ABOUT THE THIRD
WORLD DEBT PROBLEM, MUGABE’S LENGTHY ANSWER REVEALED
A WOEFUL MISUNDERSTANDING OF MARKET FORCES.
ACCORDING TO MUGABE, THIRD WORLD DEBT IS INCURRED BECAUSE
THE “SOUTH” — DEVELOPING COUNTRIES — SELL THEIR
COMMODITIES AT “GIVE-AWAY” PRICES DETERMINED BY BUYERS
OF THE “NORTH.” AT THE SAME TIME, “THE INPUTS WE NEED
TO PRODUCE THOSE COMMODITIES ARE SET AT INFLATED PRICES”
BY THE INDUSTRIALIZED NORTH. “NATURALLY,” CONCLUDES
MUGABE, “THERE IS INDEBTEDNESS . . . AND I AM AFRAID
IT WILL CONTINUE TO HAUNT US.”
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
6. (LOU) MUGABE WAS EVEN MORE MUDDLED WHEN REBUTTING
CHARGES OF ZIMBABWE’S FAILURE TO ATTRACT FOREIGN
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05257013 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05257013 Date: 09/24/2013
INVESTMENT. MUGABE COULD SEE “NO DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
A LOAN ON WHICH YOU PAY INTEREST AND AN INVESTMENT ON
WHICH YOU PAY OUT PROFITS AND DIVIDENDS. THE TWO ARE
ALIKE.” FROM MUGABE’S PERSPECTIVE, “THE MORE FOREIGN
COMPANIES OPERATING IN ZIMBABWE, THE MORE DIVIDENDS AND
PROFITS WE SHALL BE REMITTING ABROAD AND THE MORE OUR
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INFO AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 03735
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
E.0.12356: DECL:OADR
TAGS: PGOV, ZI
SUBJECT: MUGABE REPLIES TO QUESTIONS IN PARLIAMENT
FOREIGN INDEBTEDNESS.” SINCE ZIMBABWEANS HAVE LOTS OF
“MONEY IN THEIR POCKETS” THEY SHOULD BE THE ONES FORMING
COMPANIES AND INVESTING — NOT FOREIGNERS. MUGABE DID
NOT RULE OUT FOREIGN INVESTMENT ALTOGETHER, BUT SUGGESTED
IT WOULD BE VERY CAREFULLY SCREENED AND CONTROLLED BY
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05257013 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05257013 Date: 09/24/2013
GOVERNMENT.
THE MAPUTO LINE
7. (U) MUGABE SAID THAT, APART FROM “OUR KNOWING SOME OF
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THE PARTIES WHICH ARE INTERESTED IN FUNDING IT” AND “A
SERIES OF DISCUSSIONS WITH THE MOZAMBICAN GOVERNMENT,”
NOTHING TANGIBLE HAS YET BEEN DONE ON THE MAPUTO RAILWAY
LINE. ALL EFFORTS ARE AT THIS TIME BEING CONCENTRATED ON
THE REHABILITATION OF THE BEIRA CORRIDOR, WITH ONLY 50
KMS OF WORK LEFT TO BE DONE.
SOCIALISM VS. CAPITALISM
8. (U) A WHITE MP ASKED MUGABE IF THE GOZ MIGHT CONSIDER
MODIFYING ITS SOCIO-ECONOMIC POLICIES IN VIEW OF RECENT
ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION IN THE PRC AND USSR. MUGABE
THOUGHT NOT: “GO TO BRITAIN, GO TO THE UNITED STATES AND
WHAT DO YOU SEE — A DIVIDED SOCIETY — THE VERY RICH AT
THE TOP AND THE VERY POOR AT THE BOTTOM. GO TO THE
SOVIET UNION, YOU DO NOT GET THAT DIVISION, AND YOU DO
NOT GET POVERTY IN THE STREETS . . . GO TO CHINA, WITH
ITS MILLIONS. PEOPLE THERE ARE NOT THAT WELL TO DO.
PEOPLE LIVE MODEST LIVES BUT THEY ARE NOT BEGGARS IN THE
STREETS AS YOU FIND IN CAPITALIST DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.
AND SO I THINK WE SHOULD BE GUIDED BY SUCH VIRTUES AS
MAKE PEOPLE OF A COMMUNITY OR SOCIETY COLLECTIVE OWNERS
OF THEIR RESOURCES.”
COMMENT
– – – –
9. (C) AS USUAL, QUESTION TIME IN PARLIAMENT WAS VALUABLE
CHIEFLY FOR THE GLIMPSES IT OFFERED OF MUGABE’S
PHILOSOPHY. WE FIND PARTICULARLY DISCOURAGING HIS
RUDIMENTARY GRASP OF ECONOMIC REALITIES AND HIS
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UNWILLINGNESS TO BREAK WITH WHAT HE CONSIDERS SACRED
“SOCIALIST” PRINCIPLES.
10. (C) MUGABE’S CONNECTION OF ZAPU TO ALLEGED VIOLENCE
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05257013 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05257013 Date: 09/24/2013
SURROUNDING LOCAL ELECTIONS IS ALSO DISTURBING. IT
JUSTIFIES THE GOZ DECISION TO ANNUL SEVERAL ZAPU
VICTORIES AND (FALSELY) PORTRAYS ZANU SUPPORTERS AS
VICTIMS OF INTIMIDATION. ZANU ACTIVISTS ARE NOW LIKELY
TO PARROT MUGABE’S ANALYSIS THAT ZAPU IS NOT TRULY
REPRESENTATIVE OF THE POPULATION IN MATABELELAND.
END COMMENT.
RAWLINGS
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05257013 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256630 Date: 09/24/2013
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AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
AMEMBASSY SEOUL
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE
LIMITED OFFICIAL USE SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 1984
DEPT FOR AF/S, AF/I, CA/OCS/EMR; PASS WHITE HOUSE/NSC
FOR WETTERING; CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: PINS, MASS, PGOV, ZI, SF, KN
SUBJECT: MUGABE VISITS FIVE BRIGADE, CALLS FOR DISCIPLINE
REF: FBIS CA 211749 (NOTAL)
1. PRIME MINISTER PAID A VISIT TO ELEMENTS OF FIVE BRIGADE
ON MONDAY, MARCH 31 AND SAID THE ARMY SHOULD BE STRENGTHENED
IN BOTH TRAINING AND EQUIPMENT IF IT IS TO CONTAIN THE
THREAT OF SABOTAGE FROM SOUTH AFRICA. SPEAKING AT KUTANGA
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RANGE, NEAR QUE QUE IN MIDLANDS PROVINCE, MUGABE SAID THERE
WAS A BAD SITUATION IN PARTS OF THE COUNTRY, CAUSED BY
DISSIDENTS, BUT HE DID NOT FEEL IT WAS MORE SERIOUS THAN
THE DANGER FROM SOUTH AFRICA. HE ALSO RENEWED AN APPEAL
HE HAD MADE EARLIER FOR DISCIPLINE WITHIN THE ARMY,
SAYING AN ARMY THAT BECOMES “THE PEOPLE’S ENEMEY” LOST
THE RIGHT TO DEFEND THE PEOPLE. HE AGAIN EXPRESSED
THANKS TO THE NORTH KOREANS WHO HAD PARTICIPATED IN THE
TRAINING OF FIVE BRIGADE, WHICH WAS NOW COMPLETED.
STORY LEADS THE HERALD’S FRONG PAGE MARCH 22 UNDER THE
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256630 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256630 Date: 09/24/2013
HEADLINE “STRONGER ARMY IS VITAL FOR DEFENSE” AND A PHOTO
OF SOME 13 TANKS LINED UP FORA FIRING DEMONSTRATION.
TEXT OF STORY IN PARA 3.
2. COMMENT: WE NOTE THE EMPHASIS PLACED ON DISCIPLINE
BY THE PRIME MINISTER, WHICH COULD BE A BACKHANDED
ACKNOWLEDGMENT THAT FIVE BRIGADE DID COMMIT SOME EXCESSES
DURING ITS RECENT OPERATIONS IN MATABELELAND, AS WIDELY
REPORTED IN THE WESTERN MEDIA. WE ARE ALSO INTRIGUED
BY THE MANNER IN WHICH MUGABE MENTIONED THAT THE NORTH
KOREAN TRAINING OF THE BRIGADE WAS ENDED. END COMMENT.
3. BEGIN TEXT: THE NATIONAL ARMY NEEDS “SHARPENING”
IN ORDER TO REPULSE SOUTH AFRICA’S CONTINUED ACTS OF
AGGRESSION AGAINST ZIMBABWE’S INDEPENDENCE, THE PRIME
MINISTER, CDE MUGABE, SAID HERE YESTERDAY. SPEAKING
DURING A 5 BRIGADE TANK SQUADRON DEMONSTRATION, CDE
MUGABE SAID THE ARMY SHOULD BE STRENGTHENED IN TERMS
OF TRAINING AND EQUIPMENT IF IT WAS TO CONTAIN THE
PRETORIA REGIME’S CURRENT THREATS OF SABOTAGE AGAINST
THE NATION.
— “WE MUST IMPROVE THE CAPABILITY OF THE ARMY AND ITS
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EQUIPMENT SO THAT WE CAN PREPARE TO DEFEND OURSELVES
AGAINST SOUTH AFRICA,” HE SAID.
— THE PRIME MINISTER, WHO FLEW HERE ACCOMPANIED BY
THE MINISTER OF STATE (DEFENSE), DR. SYDNEY SEKERAMAYI,
AND THE ARMY COMMANDER, LEUTENANT-GENERAL REX NHONGO,
ALSO WATCHED ROCKET ARTILLERY DEMONSTRATIONS AND
INSPECTED NEW EQUIPMENT ACQUIRED BY 5 BRIGADE. HE SAID
SOUTH AFRICA WAS CURRENTLY INTENSIFYING ITS TRAINING
PROGRAM WITH A VIEW TO DESTABILIZING ZIMBABWE.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256630 Date: 09/24/2013
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AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA 3
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
AMEMBASSY SEOUL
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE
LIMITED OFFICIAL USE SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 1984
— “WE ARE ALSO AWARE OF ITS ACTS OF AGGRESSION
AGAINST THE PEOPLE OF ANGOLA AND THAT IT IS SPONSORING
THE MNR IN COMMITTING ACTS OF SABOTAGE AGAINST THAT
COUNTRY,” THE PRIME MINISTER ADDED. BECAUSE OF THESE
ACTS OF SABOTAGE AGAINST NEIGHBORING STATES, HE SAID,
ZIMBABWE SHOULD PREPARE TO DEFEND ITSELF IN CASE OF
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256630 Date: 09/24/2013
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ANY VIOLATIONS OF ITS TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY. ALTHOUGH
THERE WAS A BAD SITUATION IN THE COUNTRY CAUSED BY
DISSIDENTS, HE DID NOT THINK IT CAUSED A MORE SERIOUS
THREAT TO THE NATION THAN SOUTH AFRICA.
— THE PRIME MINISTER ALSO RENEWED HIS EARLIER
APPEAL FOR DISCIPLINE WITHIN THE ARMY. “THERE IS NO
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ARMY WHICH CAN FIGHT EFFECTIVELY UNLESS IT HAS A HIGH
SENSE OF DISCIPLINE. ANY ARMY THAT TURNS ITSELF INTO A
PEOPLE’S ENEMY NO LONGER DESERVED THE RIGHT TO DEFEND
THEM,” HE SAID.
— SIMILARLY, HE SAID, THE POLICE AND SECURITY FORCES
SHOULD ALSO MAINTAIN A HIGH SENSE OF DISCIPLINE IF
THEIR PRIME MOTIVE WAS TO DEFEND THE PEOPLE. CDE MUGABE
EMPHASIZED THE NEED FOR A PEOPLE’S ARMY WHICH WAS LOYAL
TO THE NATION AND THE GOVERNMENT.
— YOU SHOOT ONLY WHEN THE COMMAND IS GIVEN AND YOU
MUST HAVE INTERNAL DISCIPLINE TO MOTIVATE YOU TO DO THE
RIGHT THING ALWAYS,” SAID CDE MUGABE. HE SAID IF A
SOLDIER’S BEHAVIOR PROVED TO THE CONTRARY, HE WOULD NOT
BE FIT TO BE IN THE ARMY.
— HOWEVER, THE PRIME MINISTER EXPRESSED GRATITUDE
THAT DISCIPLINE WAS IMPROVING IN THE ARMY AND THAT IT
WAS BECOMING MORE UNITED IN ITS EFFORTS TO DEFEND THE
NATION. ADDRESSING HIMSELF SPECIFICALLY TO THE KOREANS
WHO HELPED TRAIN 5 BRIGADE, CDE MUGABE THANKED THEM FOR
COMING TO ZIMBABWE’S AID DURING THE COUNTRY’S GREATEST
NEED. “IT IS THOSE WHO COME TO YOU WHEN YOU ARE IN
GREATEST NEED WHO ARE YOUR FRINDS INDEED,” HE SAID.
THEIR CONTRIBUTION, HE SAID, HAD MADE THEM ONE OF THE
GREATEST FRINEDS OF ZIMBABWE.
CDE MUGABE WAS HAPPY TO NOTE THAT THE KOREANS HAD
NOW FINISHED TRAINING 5 BRIGADE AND EXPRESSED HOPE THAT
THE ZIMBABWEAN COMMANDERS TRAINED WOULD ALSO IMPART THE
KNOWLEDGE THEY ACQUIRED TO THEIR COLLEAGUES. THE PRIME
MINISTER SAID HE WAS IMPRESSED WITH THE DEMONSTRATION
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OF SOPHISTICATED EQUIPMENT HE HAD SEEN. END TEXT.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256630 Date: 09/24/2013
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AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 5409
E.O. 12356: DECL: 9/22/92
TAGS: PINS, PINT, EAGR, PTER, ZI
SUBJECT: MUGABE VISITS MATABELELAND
REF: HARARE 4911
1. (C) BEGIN SUMMARY: DURING A TWO-DAY VISIT TO MATABELELAND
PRIME MINISTER MUGABE MET WITH BUSINESSMEN, FARMERS, AND LOCAL
OFFICIALS. HE DELIVERED TWO MESSAGES: THE GOZ INTENDS TO
MAINTAIN PRESSURE AGAINST DISSIDENT ACTIVITY; AND THE GOZ
APPRECIATES THE ROLE OF THE COMMERCIAL FARMERS AND IS SYMPATHETIC TO THE PROBLEMS THEY ARE FACING. THE MOOD IN THE WAKE
OF THE VISIT IS POSITIVE, ALTHOUGH MANY WILL WAIT TO SEE WHAT
RESULTS ARE FORTHCOMING. END SUMMARY.
2. (U) ACCORDING TO REPORTS IN THE HARARE PRESS, THE WEEKEND VISIT TO MATABELELAND BY PRIME MINISTER MUGABE WAS
A MARKED SUCCESS. SPEAKING AT A SCHOOL AWARDS CEREMONY
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PAGE 02 HARARE 05409 01 OF 02 231427Z
LAND, MUGABE SAID THAT “THE BANDITS WHO ARE CARRYING OUT
ROBBERIES, ASSASSINATIONS AND KIDNAPPINGS OF INNOCENT
PEOPLE ARE THE CRIMINALS OF SOCIETY WHO ARE NOT IMBUED
WITH ANY SENSE OF DISCIPLINE OR MORALITY. THEY ARE THE
SAME WILD ANIMALS WHICH WE MUST HUNT AND DESTROY IN THE
INTERESTS OF PEACE AND SECURITY.”
3. (U) ADDRESSING A MULTIRACIAL AUDIENCE OF BUSINESSMEN
AND OTHER LEADERS IN BULAWAYO FRIDAY NIGHT, MUGABE STATED
THAT CONTINUING ACTS OF VIOLENCE AND OTHER UNLAWFUL ACTS
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256496 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256496 Date: 09/24/2013
BY DISSIDENTS HAVE STRENGTHENED THE GOZ RESOLVE TO BRING
EVERY DISSIDENT TO BOOK. ZIMBABWEANS COULD NOT AFFORD
TO LOOK BACK AND TRY TO REVIVE OLD SCORES, HE SAID.
RATHER, THE GOZ POLICY OF RECONCILIATION MEANT THAT THE
PARTIES TO THE PROCESS SHOULD RESPECT THE RULES WHICH
MADE FOR A FIRM PARTNERSHIP. MUGABE SAID HE FELT LET
DOWN BY DISSIDENT ACTIVITY IN MATABELELAND AFTER HE
HAD ANNOUNCED HIS RECONCILIATION POLICY, AND HE WARNED
THAT “THOSE WHO TAKE TO VIOLENCE DESERVE PUNISHMENT
THROUGH VIOLENCE.” HE RECOGNIZED THAT SOME VILLAGERS
HAD BEEN FORCED TO ASSIST THE DISSIDENTS, BUT THOSE WHO
AIDED AND ABETTED DISSIDENTS WERE ACCOMPLICES.
4. (U) MUGABE TOLD THE SAME MEETING THAT FORCES BEYOND
THE CONTROL OF ZIMBABWE HAD TENDED TO NEGATE THE ECONOMIC
PERFORMANCE OF THE LAST YEAR. THE WORLD RECESSION HAD
HAD ITS EFFECT ON THE MINING INDUSTRY, BUT HE CONGRATULATED
THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY FOR ITS EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE IN
SPITE OF THESE EXTERNAL DIFFICULTIES. THERE WAS STILL A
NEED FOR BELT TIGHTENING, BUT THERE WOULD BE LOANS FOR
CERTAIN SECTORS OF THE MINING INDUSTRY, AND FOREIGN
CURRENCY ALLOCATIONS WOULD BE INCREASED WHEN THE
SITUATION EASED.
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5. MEETING WITH OVER 200 MEMBERS OF THE COMMERCIAL
FARMERS’ UNION (CFU) ON SATURDAY AT MARULA, SOME 60 KM
SOUTHWEST OF BULAWAYO, MUGABE TOLD THEM THAT THE GOZ
RECOGNIZED THE IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE AND WANTED THEM
TO “STAY IN THE COUNTRY AND ON THE LAND.” MUGABE SAID
THE GOZ WAS TAKING STEPS TO ASSIST THE FARMERS AND WOULD
CONTINUE TO DO SO, EVEN IN THE FACE OF CRITICISM FROM
OTHER SECTORS. WHEN VARIOUS CFU FARMERS SPOKE OF A
DETERIORATION IN THE SECURITY SITUATION, MUGABE REPORTEDLY
ASSURED THE AUDIENCE THAT SECURITY PRECAUTIONS AND ANTIDISSIDENT OPERATIONS WOULD BE INTENSIFIED THROUGHOUT
THE PROVINCE. HE REJECTED SUGGESTIONS THAT THE ARMY WAS
INEFFECTIVE AGAINST DISSIDENCE, BUT ADMITTED THAT MEMBERS
OF THE ARMY WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR SOME “ACTS OF INDISCIPLINE,” AND EVEN, ON OCCASION, OF BRUTALITY AGAINST THE
LOCAL POPULATION.
6. (U) A FRONT-PAGE ARTICLE IN THE HERALD ON SEPT. 20
SUMMED UP MUGABE’S MESSAGE TO MATABELELAND, UNDER THE
HEADLINE “WE DON’T WANT WAR WITH ZAPU — PM.” ACCORDING
TO THE ARTICLE, MUGABE’S MESSAGE AT HIS MEETINGS DURING
HIS TWO-DAY SWING THROUGH MATABELELAND WAS THAT THE
GOVERNMENT, THOUGH LED BY ZANU (PF), WAS A GOVERNMENT OF
NATIONAL UNITY BECAUSE IT INCLUDED MEMBERS OF OTHER
PARTIES.” THE PARTY’S PROGRAM TO DEVELOP THE COUNTRY
WAS NOT INTENDED TO ADVANCE THE INTERESTS OF THAT PARTY,
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256496 Date: 09/24/2013
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BUT OF THE COUNTRY AS A WHOLE. MUGABE TOLD THE BULAWAYO
MEETING THAT ZANU (PF) HAD NO OBJECTION TO OTHER PARTIES
OR GROUPS EXPRESSING CONSTRUCTIVE CRITICISM OF GOZ
POLICIES, PROVIDED THEY DID SO WITHIN THE CONSTITUTIONAL
FRAMEWORK.
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AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 5409
7. (C) WHO ACCOMPANIED
MUGABE ON HIS VISIT TO MARULA AND BULAWAYO, TOLD EMBOFF
SEPT. 21 THAT HE FELT THE RESULTS OF MUGABE’S TRIP WERE
MOST POSITIVE. HE IMPLIED THAT MUGABE VISITED MARULA
PARTIALLY AS A RESULT OF THE VISIT THERE BY AGRICULTURE
MINISTER DENNIS NORMAN LAST MONTH (REFTEL) AND SAID THIS
EVIDENCE OF GOZ ATTENTION TO THE CONCERNS OF THE COMMERCIAL FARMERS WAS WELL RECEIVED. MUGABE D
CONSUMMATE POLITICAL SKILLS, ACCORDING TO AND ESTABLISHED
A GOOD RAPPORT WITH THE CFU MEMBERS. WHEN A THIRD-GENERATION WHITE FARMER REFERRED TO HIMSELF AS AN NDEBELE”
AND CALLED THE GOZ YOUR GOVERNMENT,” MUGABE RESPONDED
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256496 Date: 09/24/2013
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BRISKLY THAT IT WAS EVERYBODY’S GOVERNMENT AND WOULD
REMAIN SO.
8. (C) ONE OF THE CFU MEMBERS SPOKE UP IN PRAISE OF
MUGABE’S DECISION TO RELEASE THE YORK BROTHERS, WHO WERE
PRESENT AT THE MEETING IN MARULA. MUGABE RESPONDED THAT
HE’D ACTED OUT OF COMPASSION, BASED ON THE SOLID REPUCONFIDENTIAL
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TATION OF THE YORK FAMILY IN THE AREA. HE WAS GLAD
THAT HIS DECISION WAS APPRECIATED.
9. (C) COMMENT: ALL THE FEEDBACK RECEIVED BY THE
EMBASSY AFTER MUGABE’S FORAY INTO THIS MOST FRACTIOUS
OF PROVINCES HAS BEEN UPBEAT.
TOLD CHARGE THAT HE BELIEVES THE RESULTS WILL BE POSITIVE AS WELL, SINCE THE FARMERS HEARD THAT THEIR ROLE
IN THE COUNTRY’S ECONOMY IS APPRECIATED AND THEIR CONCERNS ARE UNDERSTOOD. CONSIDERABLE DAYLIGHT REMAINS
BETWEEN GOZ POLICY AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION BY
THE POLICE AND ARMY, AND THE FARMERS AND OTHERS WILL
BE WATCHING TO SEE THAT THIS GAP IS CLOSED. END
COMMENT.
LANPHER
CONFIDENTIAL
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AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 3413
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
E.O. 12356: DECL: 5/18/89
TAGS: PGOV, PINS, ZI
SUBJECT: MUGABE VISITS MATABELELAND; APPEALS FOR UNITY
RELEASED IN FULL
1. (U) SUMMARY: PRIME MINISTER MUGABE SPENT LAST FRIDAY
AND SATURDAY (MAY 13-14) VISITING TWO OF THE HARDEST-HIT
DISTRICTS OF MATABELELAND IN AN EFFORT TO WIN THE HEARTS
AND MINDS OF THE NEDEBELE RESIDENTS. HE CALLED FOR ALL
ZIMBABWEANS TO UNITE AND WORK TOGETHER FOR THE NATION’S
DEVELOPMENT AND DISCOUNTED THE WIDESPREAD BELIEF THAT THE
ZANU GOVERNMENT WAS WORKING IN FAVOR OF ONE REGION OF THE
COUNTRY TO THE DETRIMENT OF OTHERS. HE WARNED THAT THE
GOZ WOULD FIGHT BACK WHEN IT WAS OPPOSED, AND SUPPORTERS
OF THE OPPONENTS MUST NOT BE SURPRISED IF THEY WERE HURT
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IN THE CONFLICT. HE REPEATED THE STORY OF HOW HE OFFERED
THE ZIMBABWEAN PRESIDENCY TO ZAPU LEADER JOSHUA NKOMO
THREE TIMES AND WAS THRICE REFUSED, AND “REVEALED” THAT
HIS FATHER’S SECOND WIFE HAD BEEN AN NDEBELE. END SUMMARY.
2. (U) ON FRIDAY THE THIRTEENTH, MUGABE ADDRESSED “AN
ESTIMATED 25,000 PEOPLE” AT A RALLY IN TSHOLOTSHO, SOME
100 KILOMETERS NORTHWEST OF BULAWAYO. HE SAID ZIMBABWEANS
OF ALL TRIBES, COLOURS AND CREEDS MUST UNITE AND WORK
TOGETHER TO ENABLE THE COUNTRY TO FORGE AHEAD WITH ITS
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256668 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256668 Date: 09/24/2013
DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES. IT DID NOT MATTER WHICH POLITICAL
PARTY ONE SUPPORTED; THE ULTIMATE AIM WAS TO CONSOLIDATE
THE COUNTRY’S INDEPENDENCE AND ENSURE COMPLETION OF THE
GOVERNMENTS DEVELOPMENT PLANS. “THE COUNTRY BELONGS TO
ALL OF US. WE MUST ALL WORK TOGETHER FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT,”
HE SAID. HE WARNED THAT THE GOZ WOULD NEVER TOLERATE
PEOPLE FROM ONE REGION REFUSING TO WORK WITH IT ON THE
SPECIOUS GROUNDS THAT THE COUNTRY WAS NOT YET LIBERATED.
HE STRESSED THAT THE GOVERNMENT WHICH HE LEADS WOULD
NEVER, AT ANY STAGE, PROMOTE TRIBALISM OR REGIONALISM.
3. (U) SPEAKING ON THE SECURITY SITUATION, HE SAID IT
WAS “VERY PAINFUL” FOR THE GOZ TO IMPOSE A CURFEW
ON ANY PART OF THE COUNTRY. HOWEVER, WHEN PEOPLE CHOSE
TO SUPPORT MISGUIDED ELEMENTS LIKE DISSIDENTS, THE
AUTHORITIES WOULD HAVE NO SYMPATHY FOR THEM. THEY WOULD
HIT BACK AT ANYONE WHO CHOSE TO FIGHT THEM, AND SUPPORTERS
MUST NOT EXPECT ANY SUMPATHY. HE CALLED ON LOCAL
COUNCILLORS TO SERVE AS A MORE EFFECTIVE CONDUIT TO
TRANSMIT THE NEEDS AND DESIRES OF THE LOCAL POPULATION
TO THE AUTHORITIES OF THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND URGED
RURAL COUNCILLORS TO LIVE IN THEIR AREAS OF RESPONSIBILITY AND NOT IN THE TOWNS.
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4. (U) ON SATURDAY, MUGABE SPOKE TO “AN ENTHUSIASTIC
CROWD OF THOUSANDS” IN LUPANE, 170 KM NORTH OF BULAWAYO.
HE TOLD THEM THAT, ON INSTRUCTIONS FROM THE ZANU CENTRAL
COMMITTEE, HE HAD OFFERED THE STATE PRESIDENCY TO JOSHUA
NKOMO. NKOMO REFUSED THE OFFER THREE TIMES, AND THE
PARTY FINALLY DECIDED TO INCLUDE NKOMO AND SEVEN OTHER
ZAPU MEMBERS IN THE CABINET AS MINISTERS OR DEPUTY
MINISTERS. “WE DID THAT IN ORDER TO UNITE OUR PEOPLE
AND FIGHT THE NEW ECONOMIC WAR TOGETHER,” THE P.M. TOLD
THE CROWD. THIS ARRANGEMENT WORKED UNTIL THE ZAPU ARMS
CACHES WERE DISCOVERED, “SOMETIME IN 1981,” AND THE
SPLIT BETWEEN THE PARTIES FLARED UP INTO CONFLICT.
5. “SOME OF YOU SUPPORTED (THE ZAPU LEADERS) IN THEIR
EFFORTS TO TRY TO OVERTHROW THE POPULARLY-ELECTED
GOVERNMENT,” HE SAID. “WAR IS PAINFUL AND THOSE WHO
START IT MUST KNOW THAT THEY WILL GET HURT AND SO WILL
THEIR SUPPORTERS.” HE REPEATED HIS STATEMENT OF THE
PREVIOUS DAY THAT HIS GOVERNMENT SOUGHT UNITY AND PEACE
FOR ALL THE CITIZENS, AND APPEALED FOR UNITY IN THE TASK
OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT.
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256668 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256668 Date: 09/24/2013
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ACTION AF-10
INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 AID-07 INR-10 EUR-12 SS-10
CIAE-00 DODE-00 H-01 10-15 NSC-01 NSAE-00 SY-06
HA-08 L-03 PM-08 PA-01 OCS-06 SAL-01 SYE-00
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056634 191848Z/46
R 190830Z MAY 83
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 9847
INFO AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 3413
CAPE TOWN FOR EMBASSY
6. (U) MUGABE THEN TOLD THE CROWD THAT HIS FATHER, WHO
HAD WORKED FOR MORE THAN TEN YEARS IN BULAWAYO, MARRIED
AN NDEBELE WOMAN AS HIS SECOND WIFE. WHEN HE RETURNED
TO MASHONALAND IN 1944, HE BROUGHT HER AND ALL HER
BELONGINGS ALONG. SINCE HIS FATHER’S DEATH, MUGABE
SAID, HE HAD BEEN RESPONSIBLE FOR HIS MOTHER AND STEPMOTHER: “I DO NOT TREAT THEM DIFFERENTLY JUST BECAUSE
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256668 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256668 Date: 09/24/2013
MY STEPMOTHER IS NDEBELE; WE ARE ONE HAPPY FAMILY…IF
AS LEADER OF THE GOVERNMENT TODAY I SAY I HATE NDEBELES,
THAT WOULD BE TANTAMOUNT TO SAYING THAT I HATE MY MOTHER.”
7. (U) MUGABE WAS ACCOMPANIED ON HIS TOUR BY MINISTERS
MNANGAGWA, SEKERAMAYI, NKALA, NYAGUMBO, ZIYAMBI, AND
JOHN NKOMO. STORIES REPORTING HIS TRIP RECEIVED FRONTCONFIDENTIAL
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PAGE 02 HARARE 03413 02 OF 02 190909Z
PAGE BUT SECONDARY PROMINENCE IN THE HARARE PAPERS,
WHEREAS THEY WERE GIVEN EXTENSIVE SPACE IN THE BULAWAYO
PRESS. THE BULAWAYO CHRONICLE SATURDAY HEADLINED “LETS
FORGE AHEAD IN UNITY, SAYS MUGABE” WITH THE SUBHEAD
“TSHOLOTSHO PEOPLE TOLD: GOVT. FOR ALL.” THE ARTICLE
WAS ACCOMPANIED BY PHOTOS OF THE P.M. GREETING “ULULATING
WOMEN” BEFORE THE SPEECH, AND BY A LARGE PANORAMA OF
PREDOMINANTLY WOMEN WITH FISTS UPRAISED SHOUTING
“PHAMBILI (“FORWARD*”). AN INSIDE PAGE CARRIED A
PHOTE OF THE P.M. INSPECTING A DETACHMENT FROM FIVE
BRIGADE BEFORE ADDRESSING THE CROWD IN TSHOLOTSHO. THE
B’YO SUNDAY NEWS STORY, HEADLINED “NKOMO TURNED DOWN
TOP JOB THREE TIMES,” WAS ACCOMPANIED BY TWO PHOTOS.
ONE SHOWS SECURITY MINISTER MNANGAGWA JOINING IN SOME
TRIBAL DANCING IN LUPANE; THE OTHER SHOWS THE P.M.
AT THE MICROPHONE WITH A POLICE AIDE-DE-CAMP BEHIND HIM
AND AN AK-TOTING FIVE BRIGADE MEMBER WATCHING THE CROWD
IN FRONT OF HIM. ZTV CARRIED EXTENSIVE FILMED REPOTS
ON THE TRIP ON ITS EVENING NEWSCASTS EARLY THIS WEEK.
8. (C) COMMENT: THIS TRIP WAS MUGABE’S FIRST INTO THE
HEARTLEAD OF MATABELELAND SINCE THE WEEEP THROUGH THE
PROVINCE BY FIVE BRIGADE EARLY THIS YEAR, AND HIS FIRST
VISIT EVER TO LUPANE. WE ARE STRUCK BY THE MODERATE
TONE OF HIS REPORTED REMAKRS, APPEALING FOR UNITY AND
GENTLY SCOLDING THE PEOPLE FOR HAVING OFFERED SUPPORT TO
DISSIDENTS. THIS CONTRASTS SHARPLY WITH EARLIER SPEECHES
MADE IN THE PROVINCE BY NYAGUMBO AND NKALA, WHICH WERE
EXTREMELY TOUGHT AND UNFORGIVING. THE FACT THAT MINISTER
OF STATE JOHN NKOMO (A ZAPU CENTRAL COMMITTEE MEMBER)
ACCOMPANIED HIM SHOULD ALSO BE SEEN AS A CONCILIATORY
GESTURE; HE WAS PROBABLY THE ONLY MEMBER OF THE
ENTOURAGE WHO SPEAKS SINDEBELE. THE FILMED REPORTS OF
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PAGE 03 HARARE 03413 02 OF 02 190909Z
THE SPEECHES BELIE THE PRESS DESCRIPTIONS OF ENTHUSIASTIC CROWDS — THE REACTION WAS MUTED AT BEST.
NONETHELESS WE HOPE THAT THIS VISIT MARKS A NEW PHASE IN
THE GOZ EFFORT AT PACIFYING MATABELELAND, ONE TRULY
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256668 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256668 Date: 09/24/2013
AIMED AT THE HEARTS AND MINDS OF THE PEOPLE. IF SO,
IT WILL ONCE AGAIN INDICATE THAT FEW NEW POLICIES ARE
INSTITUTED WITHOUT THE PERSONAL INVOLVEMENT OF THE
PRIME MINISTER. END COMMENT.
KEELEY
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256668 Date: 09/24/2013
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UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 01 HARARE 00026 01 OF 02 031622Z
ACTION AF-00
RELEASED IN FULL
INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00
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227402 031652Z/50
R 031541Z JAN 84
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 2461
INFO USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
DIA WASHDC
USIA WASHDC 2279
USDOC WASHDC
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 00026
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: PGOV, PINS, ZI
SUBJECT: MUGABE’S NEW YEAR’S MESSAGE: GENERALLY UPBEAT
1. SUMMARY: PRIME MINISTER MUGABE MADE HIS ANNUAL
ADDRESS TO THE NATION ON NEW YEAR’S EVE, AND THE TONE
OF HIS REMARKS WAS GENERALLY POSITIVE. HE PRAISED
THE POLICE AND SECURITY FORCES FOR THEIR WORK IN
CONTROLLING THE DISSIDENT PROBLEM IN MATABELELAND, WHERE
HE SAID THE SITUATION WAS BETTER THAN BEFORE. HE
REITERATED ZIMBABWE’S POSITION AS A NON-ALIGNED STATE
WHICH REJECTED AID WITH STRINGS. THE NATION COULD
TAKE PRIDE IN HOLDING ITS OWN ECONOMICALLY IN A
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PAGE 02 HARARE 00026 01 OF 02 031622Z
DIFFICULT YEAR OF DROUGHT AND RECESSION, HE SAID.
HE NOTED PROBLEMS WHICH HAVE HELD BACK THE PACE OF
RESETTLEMENT, BUT SAID EFFORTS ARE UNDERWAY TO DEAL
WITH THEM. FINALLY, HE SKETCHED THE OUTLINES OF
TOPICS WHICH WILL BE DISCUSSED AT THE ZANU (PF) CONGRESS
IN AUGUST. END SUMMARY.
2. THE DISSIDENT SITUATION: THE OVERALL SITUATION IN
MATABELELAND IS GROWING BETTER, NOT WORSE, DESPITE
SOUTH AFRICAN BACKING FOR “SUPER ZAPU” DISSIDENTS, THE
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Charles Daris, Senior Reviewer
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256740 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256740 Date: 09/24/2013
PM SAID. HE ACKNOWLEDGED THAT THERE ARE “A FEW TROUBLE
SPOTS, IN AREAS CLOSE TO BOTSWANA WHERE DISSIDENTS ARE
ABLE TO SNEAK IN TO COMMIT THEIR CRIMINAL ACTS AND
SNEAK OUT AGAIN.” HE ADDED THAT EFFORTS CONTINUE TO
ACHIEVE UNDERSTANDING AND COOPERATION WITH THE GOB, BUT
REPEATED EARLIER ALLEGATIONS THAT SOME OF THE ZAPU
REFUGEES WHO HAD BEEN IN DUKWE HAD PROCEEDED TO SOUTH
AFRICA FOR TRAINING AND RE-INFILTRATION. HE SAID THESE
“SUPER ZAPU” DISSIDENTS WERE “UNDER INSTRUCTIONS TO
KILL, MAIM, AND HARASS WHITE FARMERS, ZANU ADHERENTS,
AND ALL THOSE PEOPLE OPPOSED TO THEM AND TO ZAPU.”
HE DREW A PARALLEL BETWEEN SOUTH AFRICAN SUPPORT FOR
UNITA, RENAMO, AND THE BCP, AND THE PRESENT SUPPORT
FOR SUPER ZAPU.
3. ZIMBABWE’S INTERNATIONAL POSTURE: MUGABE
EMPHASIZED ZIMBABWE’S “SOVEREIGN RIGHT TO ADOPT OUR
OWN FOREIGN POLICY,” AND STRESSED THAT IT WAS ON THIS
BASIS THAT THE GOZ HAD ACCEPTED AID FROM OTHER
COUNTRIES. THE INTRICATE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN
ZIMBABWE AND DONORS HAD TO ENHANCE AND PROMOTE
INDEPENDENCE. “WE WILL FIRMLY REFUSE TO
MORTGAGE OUR PERSONALITY FOR ANY GRANTS OR FORM OF
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PAGE 03 HARARE 00026 01 OF 02 031622Z
AID,” HE ADDED.
4. THE ECONOMY: ZIMBABWE HAD HELD ITS OWN
ECONOMICALLY, DESPITE THE INTERNAL DROUGHT AND THE
WORLDWIDE RECESSION. IT WAS HOPED THE RECENT
ANNOUNCEMENT OF PRODUCER PRICES WOULD LEAD TO
INCREASED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND HELP RESTORE
DEPLETED FOOD RESERVES. MINING OUTPUT HAD INCREASED,
BUT THERE WERE STILL RISING PRODUCTION COSTS AND
EXPENSIVE BORROWING TO COPE WITH. MANUFACTURING
GENERALLY FARED LESS WELL, AND THE MAIN CONSTRAINT
IN THIS SECTOR WAS THE LACK OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE.
THE PM HOPED THE RECENT REVOLVING CREDIT AND EXPORT
PROMOTION SCHEME BY THE WORLD BANK WOULD ALLEVIATE
SOME OF THIS PRESSURE, AND HE CALLED FOR GREATER
RATIONALIZATION OF THE USE OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE TO
PROTECT PRIORITY AREAS.
5. RESETTLEMENT: SO FAR THE GOZ HAS RESETTLED 40,000
FAMILIES, MUGABE SAID, OUT OF THE GOAL OF 162,000
WHICH IT HAD SET FOR ITSELF BY 1985. HE ATTRIBUTED
THIS DELAY TO THE NEED TO MATCH ZIMBABWEAN CASH INPUTS
TO THOSE FROM THE UK, AND THE REQUIREMENT TO PROVIDE
SCHOOLS, CLINICS, AND OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE. HE SAID
THE GOZ FELT ITS FUNDS SHOULD BE USED FOR THE
DEVELOPMENT OF THE LAND RATHER THAN ITS ACTUAL
PURCHASE, AND NOTED THAT TALKS WERE UNDERWAY WITH
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256740 Date: 09/24/2013
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HMG ON THIS ISSUE. EXPERIENCE HAD ALSO SHOWN THAT
LARGE SCALE RESETTLEMENT MODELS WERE MORE EFFECTIVE,
AND SO EMPHASIS WAS BEING PLACED ON THE CREATION OF
FARMING COOPERATIVES.
6. THE ZANU CONGRESS: MUGABE SAID THE PARTY CONGRESS
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ACTION AF-00
INFO OCT-00 COPY-01 ADS-00 AID-00 INR-10 EUR-00 SS-00
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227417 031652Z/50
R 031541Z JAN 84
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 2462
INFO USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
DIA WASHDC
USIA WASHDC 2280
USDOC WASHDC
AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAM
AMEMBASSY GABORONE
AMEMBASSY LILONGWE
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA
AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 00026
E.O. 12356: N/A
TAGS: PGOV, PINS, ZI
SUBJECT: MUGABE’S NEW YEAR’S MESSAGE: GENERALLY UPBEAT
WOULD ADDRESS THE FOLLOWING ISSUES:
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256740 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256740 Date: 09/24/2013
— THE PARTY’S GENERAL POLICY AND IDEOLOGICAL
DIRECTION;
— THE NATIONAL SOCIO-ECONOMIC PLAN FOR THE PERIOD
AFTER 1985, AND THIS PLAN’S SOCIALIST THRUST;
— THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PARTY AND THE
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PAGE 02 HARARE 00026 02 OF 02 031624Z
GOVERNMENT;
— THE NEED FOR A UNICAMERAL LEGISTLATURE; AND
— THE ROAD TO NATIONAL UNITY AND A ONE-PARTY STATE.
7. COMMENT: THERE WERE NO SURPRISES IN THE PM’S
SPEECH, ALTHOUGH HE DID GO INTO MORE DETAIL THAN
USUAL ON THE UK/GOZ DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THE RESETTLEMENT
PROGRAM. THIS WAS NECESSARY BECAUSE OF THE WIDESPREAD
KNOWLEDGE THAT THIS PROGRAM HAS NOT COME NEAR MEETING
ITS TARGETS, AND THE SENSITIVE POLITICAL NATURE OF
THE ISSUE ITSELF. KEELEY
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256740 Date: 09/24/2013
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256740 Date: 09/24/2013
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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2012-29009 Doc No. C05256740 Date: 09/24/2013

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