Zimbabwe liberation war veterans sue government over plan to compensate white farmers

Some of 11 white farmers remaining in Zimbabwe coming out of court digected after the ruling did go to thier favour at Chegutu magistrate court northwestern Mashonaland West province 100 kilometres (60 miles) northwest of Harare,11 October 2007 for a trial after they stayed on their properties in defiance of a government eviction order

HARARE – A group of independence war veterans are suing the government over the US$3,5 billion farm improvements compensation deal with white farmers arguing it was done illegally and in discrimination of black farmers including themselves.

President Emmerson Mnangagwa Mnangagwa on July 29 approved the billion-dollar compensation agreement which he said would bring finality the emotive land issue as envisaged by the country’s constitution.

But the War Veterans Pressure Group, an informal and politically-unaffiliated grouping of liberation fighters represented by their leader Amos Sigauke and Kossam Mutizwa, Shoorai Nyamangodo, Dauphine Njitimana, Reuben Zulu, Joseph Chinguwa, Hazvinei Machingura, Cairo Mhandu, Signore Ndiya and Godfrey Gurira have asked the Harare High Court to invalidate the deal.

In a court application filed this week, they cited lands minister Anxious Masuka and finance minister Mthuli Ncube as respondents.

They are seeking a declaratory order that “The Global Farm Compensation Deed by the Government of Zimbabwe as represented by the first and second respondent (Masuka and Ncube) on one part and some as yet unnamed representatives of the former white race farms on the other part to pay only former white farmers for improvements on lawfully, compulsory acquired land is discriminatory on the grounds of race and constitutes unfair, cruel and degrading treatment of the black indigenous race, and consequently that implementation of the deed be suspended pending government’s adequate attention towards and full and final payment first to all the Zimbabwe indigenous black race’s white settler rule compensation concerns and claims occasioned over the centuries.”

Alternatively, the war veterans want The Global Compensation Deed declared “void and of no force or effect… for not being consistent with Section 295 (4) of the Constitution requiring that any such compensation be done through an Act of Parliament.”

They also argued that the government of Zimbabwe “has no authority outside consultation with the population and the chiefs to enter into binding agreements over alienation of the Zimbabwe land.”

They said their application is brought in terms of Section 14 of the High Court Act (Chapter 7:05) and filed within the context of the historical background on land ownership in pre-colonial Zimbabwe.

Sigauke, in his founding affidavit, said none of the black race persons received any form of compensation whatsoever for the lost land, mines, stolen livestock, dehumanising survival and stolen artefacts over a century ago.

“The indigenous black race’s desire from 1890 has always been, and this became core to and motivated us in our armed formations during the Chimurega resistance, that we were to take back our land and be compensated for its forcible takeover by the white race…,” Sigauke said.

“For us war veterans, we had to go into the streets in 1997 to secure legislative attention for the paltry monthly pension we are still struggling to be paid correctly even to date and we have also remained unattended on many other issues to do with compensation for the traumatic experience we went through during the war of liberation, medical aid benefits, accommodation and other things.

“In short, the government – both the one led by the late Cde Robert Mugabe and the current one (led by Emmerson Mnangagwa) – has not seemed bothered to address positively the issue of the indigenous black race’s compensation for the ills they suffered as a direct consequence of settler colonialism under the yoke of the settler white race, mostly of British origin, and for the ills they also suffered as a direct consequence of government or its agents, actions such as those of the ZIPRA lands confiscation, Gukurahundi, Murambatsvina and the 2008 political violence episodes.”

Two decades ago Mugabe’s government carried out at times violent evictions of 4,500 white farmers and redistributed the land to around 300,000 Black families, arguing it was redressing colonial land imbalances.

The agreement signed by Mnangagwa says white farmers would be compensated for infrastructure on the farms and not the land itself, as per the national constitution.

Sigauke said they received the news of the government having entered into an exclusive compensation deal with shock.

“This agreement called The Global Global Compensation Deed has been a negatively shocking development in the nation on the following grounds: that government has unfairly and on outright discrimination attended to the settler white race’s compensation concerns and which only occurred post-independence, well and far ahead of the indigenous black race’s many compensation concerns for their sufferance both pre and post-independence,” he says in his affidavit.

The July 29, 2020, agreement undermined the rule of law because an essential component of the rule of law is the right to be treated fairly and in a non-discriminatory manner.

He accused the government of having treated the white farmers’ concerns as superior and more deserving of attention than the inferior indigenous black race’s own prior and communicated concerns stretching from the pre-colonial, through colonial to the post-independence period.

The case is yet to be set down for hearing.-zimlive